Articles VHR, Vine Hill Ranch
James Suckling, JamesSuckling.com Nov. 21, 2022
Top 100 Wines of the World 2022 and our Wine of the Year
At the end of February, I began to travel to catch up for lost time in Hong Kong after almost two years of what was essentially being locked down because of the pandemic. I landed in San Francisco, and my wine odyssey began with tasting hundreds of 2019 cabernet sauvignons and many other wines up and down the coast of California as well as Oregon and Washington. And then it was four months in Europe, mostly Italy and France, and finally back to the West Coast, Australia, and New Zealand. Some of the JamesSuckling.com tasters accompanied me along the way, while Senior Editor Stuart Pigott tasted on his own in Europe and others kept the tastings going in our office in Hong Kong.
It was the biggest effort I have personally made in 41 years as a wine critic, but it was worth every minute despite all the difficulties along the way. In the last 12 months, my team and I rated over 32,000 wines. That’s 7,000 more than last year. And I doubt many other well-known competitors in the arena of wine criticism rated as many wines or racked up as many frequent-flier miles. All of my tasting team had the chance to travel to key wine regions and see vineyards, speak with winemakers and taste wines in context. It’s important for all of us to understand great wines better and improve our skills as wine critics and, more important, as wine lovers. Plus, I am an old journalist at hand – I began my career as a daily journalist in a small town in Utah – and there’s nothing better than reporting from the field – or vineyards in our case. I try to instill this journalistic process and thinking in all my team of editors and tasters.
This year’s list of Top 100 Wines of the World reflects the best wines we tasted in 2022, yet it also highlights outstanding regions, vintages and producers we found over the last 12 months. For example, we love the best reds in the excellent 2019 vintage for Bordeaux, so there are many of them in the list – 12 in total. There are also 17 wines from Napa Valley and most come from the superb 2019 vintage. On the other hand, we chose fewer wines from Italy and South America from the list because producers experienced hot and less high-quality vintages.
We tried to keep the selection to reasonably priced wines, although a few of our 100-point wines are very expensive including such bottles as the Château Cheval Blanc St.-Emilion 2019. It sells for about $750 a bottle, according to Wine Searcher. But their superb quality and pedigree were just too alluring to not include. We did leave some perfect-scoring wines out of the list this year because of their astronomical prices, such as some first growths and California cult wines. The average bottle price for the list is less than $200 a bottle. About 40 percent are less than $100 a bottle, and there are eight Rieslings at $40 or less.
We used Wine Searcher for all the pricings for our Top 100 list, and we will do the same for all our country Top 100 lists to be posted over the next six weeks as well as our Top 100 Value Wines list. The rankings are based on the ratings, prices and availability in the global marketplace, according to Wine Searcher.
Wines should have a production of about 500 cases of 12 bottles with a few exceptions. We also factored in what we call the “Oh, wow!” element, or the intangible attractiveness of a wine. It’s those bottles that you fall in love with and want to drink. We also tried to make sure the wines are current releases on the global market.
The United States delivered the largest number of wines in our Top 100, with 28 bottles on our list. This was mostly because of the release of so many excellent wines from the 2019 vintage. It was the second great vintage in a row following 2018. In general, 2019 delivered slightly fruitier wines than the more structured and harmonious 2018. But it’s hard to generalize. All the wines came from California, Oregon or Washington.
Wine Spectator, winespectator.com Nov. 14, 2022
The Top 100
We’ve revealed the Top 10 Wines of 2022!
Each year, Wine Spectator editors survey the wines reviewed over the previous 12 months and select our Top 100, based on quality, value, availability and excitement. This annual list honors successful wineries, regions and vintages around the world.
Here you’ll find every Top 100 list from 2022 back to the debut year, 1988. Since then, new regions, grapes and styles have appeared on the list, but the classics are still going strong. Enjoy browsing more than 30 years of the world’s top wines!
For detailed profiles of all of the 2022 picks, check out the complete Top 100 Wines of 2022 package in the Dec. 31, 2022, issue of Wine Spectator, available on newsstands starting Nov. 29, or buy a back issue when they become available.
Vine Hill Ranch: Growing up on the Mayacamas
After years providing fruit for some of the Napa Valley’s best producers from their Vine Hill Ranch vineyard, Bruce Phillips and family decided to make their own wine, with a first vintage in 2008. Margaret Rand caught up with Phillips for a mini-vertical of VHR, including the latest release.
In magazine publishing, publishers often want to be editors, or at least writers. If you’re the editor, dealing with this can be ticklish. In winegrowing, growers quite often want to be winemakers, bottling their own wine. Which has repercussions, of course, for those who expect to buy the grapes. Again, it can be ticklish.
Bruce Phillips’s family bought 600 acres (240ha) of Napa Valley land, on the western slopes of the Mayacamas, in 1956, when the region had yet to recover from Prohibition. The main crop in the valley was prunes, followed by walnuts, followed by cattle. Grapes came fourth.
Vine Hill Ranch: A star vineyard is born
They planted 70 acres (28ha) of grapes, on land that rises from the benchlands up the slopes. Current incumbent Bruce Phillips, grandson of Bruce Kelham who bought the land in 1956, and who has been at Vine Hill Ranch since 1978, describes the choice of what to plant as “trial and error. We’ve tried every Bordeaux variety except Malbec.” Phillips’s father was insistent on the need to grow half red and half white, to allow for changing fashions, though “fashion” is perhaps the wrong word for his era, when wine came in gallon jugs and was often labeled “Chablis” or “Burgundy.” Chardonnay and Merlot seemed the best bets then, though there were some unsuccessful experiments with Pinot Noir.
Between 1957 and 1974 the grapes were largely sold to Beaulieu, and were a component in George de Latour Private Reserve. Later they started selling to Robert Mondavi as well, for its Reserve blend; to Cakebread Cellars, to Duckhorn, to Lail, to Etude, to Araujo, and to Harlan. Today they sell to 13 buyers, including Harlan, their neighbor on one side, for Bond Vecina, and to Tor, Memento Mori, and Arrow & Branch, all for these producers’ Vine Hill Ranch Vineyard bottlings.
In the mid-1980s, phylloxera hit. “Growers don’t have cash,” says Phillips; “their equity is in land.” Interest rates were around 20 percent, and “the value of an acre of Napa Valley was less than one 20th of what it is today. The vast majority of the planted acreage was family-owned, and families couldn’t necessarily deal with the financial constraints.” Nevertheless, Bruce Phillips and his wife Heather decided to continue with wine grapes. They took advice from Tony Soter, Phil Freese, UC Davis, and California State University, Fresno, who dug a lot of holes for two years and identified 12 areas in the 70 acres, each between a quarter acre and one acre (0.1–0.4ha) in size, that should be treated slightly differently in terms of clones, rootstocks, row directions, planting densities, canopy management, and so on. The idea was to ditch all the other varieties and focus on Cabernet—as happened, of course, across the valley at this time. “Everything was intended to lift the reputation of this site,” says Phillips. The vineyard as a whole is divided into seven blocks, but these sub-blocks—which have now increased to 18—are managed differently from their surroundings.
Making their own
In 2000 they started thinking about making their own wine. In 2004 they, with vineyard manager Michael Wolf, carved out particular parcels, one to two acres (0.4–0.8ha) each, from each of the 12 (now 18) sub-plots; these parcels were unlike any others, because of the underlying rock, or the slope, or the aspect, or something. Then in 2008 they hired a winemaker, Françoise Peschon, who is still there. They have no outside consultants. The first vintage of VHR was 2008.
Were these plots they carved out taken from plots that would previously have been sold to their various producer partners? Yes, says Phillips. And? “They accepted it.” Many, he says, “expressed some concern with regard to whether our offering might compete or undermine their efforts within the vineyard,” but one said “Hurrah! About time,” and everybody, he says, supported his plans.
The different blocks bring different aspects to the wine. They were planted between 1996 and 2012 and they vary between 5.72 and 17.7 acres (2.3–7.2ha) in size, so you wouldn’t expect them to be homogenous, but generally speaking the lower, benchland blocks, with rich, loamy soil, Blocks 2, 3, and 4, give bright fruit and supple tannins. Those higher up the slope, Blocks 1 and 6, with gravelly soil, give powerful, dark wines. Block 7 gives that fashionable but misunderstood quality, minerality. Block 5 was replanted in 2020.
Classic Old World techniques
Winemaking is usually with wild yeasts unless something goes wrong. Otherwise, Phillips describes the winemaking as “classic old-world techniques.” The oak is predominantly French, but what Phillips really enjoys focusing on is the vineyard, and specifically the three-generation story of the vineyard; questions about winemaking tend to get deflected. He won’t reveal which plots go into which Vine Hill Ranch bottlings from other producers, though does say that since they only buy certain plots and VHR comes from all over, “the result may be a heightened complexity and nuance to the resulting wines from VHR resulting from the varied sourcing.”
A tasting of three vintages—2012, 2016, and 2018, the current vintage—revealed a strong evolution of style, although Phillips says the winemaking hasn’t changed much. Alcohol was much the same in all, at 14.6–14.8%, but was far better tucked into the 2018 than the 2012; tannins have got silkier and freshness more pronounced. The later vintages are more complex, too. “A lot of the difference is Françoise gaining knowledge of the vineyard,” says Phillips. Picking is earlier now, too. The latest starts to picking of Blocks 4 and 6, which are in all vintages, were in 2010, 2011, and 2012: roughly mid-October. After that picking mostly started in September, sometimes mid-September. In theory, Phillips would like alcohol levels to come down, but in practice he says that’s not so easy, for numerous reasons, including the greater efficiency of the post-phylloxera clones. Phillips thinks that 14% ABV might be possible, but to do even that consistently would need “lower densities and bigger vines.”
If Only: Vine Hill Ranch 2009–2019
In 1998, Bruce Phillips and his father stood at the apex of Block 6, looking down over the sea of plump, ready-to-harvest Cabernet grapes on Vine Hill Ranch’s largest and oldest block. For over forty years, the family had grown fruit on behalf of others but never made wine. By the 1990s, the vineyard gained an enviable reputation as a supplier to some of the greatest, most expensive labels in Napa Valley. Then, Bruce’s father handed his son the seed of a thought. “Imagine what we could do with this fruit,” his father said. “Imagine if.”
In the 1950s, Bruce’s grandfather, Bruce Kelham, purchased an old vineyard in Napa Valley. The property’s vineyard assessment records tallying the number of vines, harvest dates, yields, etc., dated back to 1884, although vines were likely planted here decades before. On the gentle slopes of the Mayacamas benchlands in Oakville AVA, near the border of Yountville, Bruce Kelham called the vineyard Vine Hill Ranch. In 1978, Bruce’s parents—Alex and Bob Phillips—moved their family to Napa Valley to live on the ranch and work the vineyard. Over the next couple of decades, they redeveloped the property to become one of the greatest vineyards in Napa Valley today, supplying grapes for sought-after labels, including Bond’s Vecina, Lail, TOR, and Dalla Valle’s new DVO project with Ornellaia in Italy.
Today, Bruce Phillips and his wife Heather oversee their family’s grape-growing legacy.
“We had been growers a long time,” Bruce told me during a recent visit. “Still, each year, when it comes time to deliver the fruit at night to your buyer, there is always the question in your head. What could you do with that fruit? It was my dad’s question. But the 1980s were different times. Then the vineyard came into prominence in the 1990s. So, it was time to do something all our own. We found a great winemaker to bring that forward, Francoise Peschon (the former winemaker at Araujo Estate and now at Accendo Cellars). And Mike Wolf does our viticulture. He’s the best.”
“The unexpected outcome of the VHR project was we became better farmers. ”
– Heather Phillips
Inspired by Bob Phillips’ seed of a thought, in 2008, the Phillips family launched their own label, “VHR.” Produced from 100% Cabernet Sauvignon, VHR is the only wine that has the ability to source fruit from all seven blocks of the 70-acre estate.
“There are no financial constraints on this project,” said Bruce. “We wanted something to hold up and be proud of.”
“The unexpected outcome of the VHR project was we became better farmers,” Heather Phillips added. “We now work better with our vintner partners. This has lifted our farming practices.”
“This year, we have 13 winery partners sourcing from Vine Hill Ranch,” Bruce said. “Last year, we came together and tasted all these Vine Hill Ranch wines. In doing so, what became clear is that we can see a signature of VHR. All the wines are different interpretations, but still those same silky tannins throughout. VHR is definitely distinct.”
Before tasting, Bruce and Heather walked me up to Block 6 to look at their oldest vines, planted in 1992.
“Like many in the valley, we suffered from phylloxera in the 1980s,” Bruce told me. “Our vines were mostly on AxR1 rootstock. So, we had to replant everything. It was a lot of money to replant a vineyard of over a hundred acres, which we had back then. And my father hated debt. So, rather than take out a bank loan, he sold part of the vineyard to Andy Beckstoffer. I really didn’t want him to sell, but I saw his point. As you know,” Bruce said, motioning toward the sections of vines below Vine Hill Ranch, “That’s now called Missouri Hopper. But it used to be part of Vine Hill Ranch.”
In the 1990s, Napa Valley legend Tony Sotor came in to help replant Vine Hill Ranch. He designed a unique trellising system to spread the canopy better, which still works very well for Block 6 today.
“We have a lot of volcanic rhyolite soil up here,” Bruce said, pointing to a patch of pale, chalk-like soil. “It’s a little unusual, but these rhyolite mounds exist in the blocks close to the Mayacamas.”
Back at the farmhouse, as we tasted, I asked Bruce and Heather where the wine is made.
“Up at Arkenstone on Howell Mountain,” was Bruce’s reply. “They have amazing custom crush facilities, and our production is so small. It started with a few hundred cases and is just around a thousand cases now.”
Tasting the 2018 VHR was something of an epiphany moment for me. Having recently tasted the 2018 Bond Vecina, an incredible expression of this place, the similarities stood out to me. Not that you would think the wines were identical, but there can be no doubt that they share the same DNA. The 2018 VHR has a riper, more black-fruited expression (I would hazard that some of the fruit was harvested later than that for Vecina). Still, they both have a very fine-grained, densely pixilated tannin texture with similar tension, energy, and perfume intensity. Not doublegangers, but they are certainly siblings.
Finally, I asked Bruce and Heather if they would consider building their own winery one day. They both smiled and gave each other a knowing look.
“No,” Bruce said, shaking his head. “Building a winery would be an enormous next-step project. Creating VHR was our contribution to this story. We need to leave something for the next generation to create if they choose. That’s for them.”
Still, I couldn’t help but imagine if.
Owen Bargreen, OwenBargreen.com July 25, 2022
Vine Hill Ranch
One of the famed sites in the Napa Valley, Vine Hill Ranch produces legendary Cabernet Sauvignon that is for those who love Napa with balance. It was back in 1978 that Alex and Robert (Bob) Phillips, moved to the Napa Valley to raise their family on the ranch that their grandfather, Bruce Kelham, bought some twenty years earlier and christened Vine Hill Ranch. The ranch itself dates back to 1884, as the annual plantings of grapevines, plums, pears, and other crops are woven in history through hand-scribed reports.
Winemaker Francoise Peschon has an enology degree from UC Davis and then completed post-graduate work at the University of Bordeaux. She then served an apprenticeship at Château Haut-Brion, before returning to the Napa Valley. Peschon has been at Vine Hill Ranch since 2008 and collaborates closely with vineyard manager, Michael Wolf. The new 2019 Vine Hill Ranch ‘Napa Valley’ Cabernet Sauvignon (OB, 98) is an extraordinary wine. This beauty is powerful but shows incredible grace and elegance. I can imagine this will easily cellar for another twenty years. Learn more about this historic Napa house at vinehillranch.com and here is my review of the new 2019 Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon.
2019 Vine Hill Ranch ‘Napa Valley’ Cabernet Sauvignon- The 2019 Vine Hill Ranch ‘Napa Valley’ Cabernet Sauvignon is an inky, powerful western Oakville wine from this outstanding vintage. Dusty soils and tobacco leaf fill the nose with shades of anise and graphite, with ripe boysenberry cordial tones that all meld in the glass. The palate is soft and seamless with a weightless quality once on the mid-palate. Showing impeccable balance, this finishes exceedingly long with a great combination of black fruits, tar and worn leather, with freshly tilled soils. Drink 2022–2044. 98 pts.
James Molesworth, winespectator.com July 8, 2022
A Cooperative Spirit Shines at Vine Hill Ranch
The Oakville vineyard yields elite Cabernet Sauvignons from Bond, Keplinger, Tor, Arrow & Branch and its own estate label, VHR
“2018, I’ll take that every year,” says Vine Hill Ranch vineyard manager Mike Wolf. “It’s always one thing or another. Too much canopy, short shoots, whatever. But in 2018 it really was a perfect growing season. At Vine Hill Ranch we wound up being 30 percent over our historical average in terms of yield. But with the mild autumn we had time to pick. If we didn’t have that I’m not sure where people would’ve put all the fruit. But even with all the fruit, there wasn’t any pressure to get it picked.”
I have a feeling that any winemakers looking for fruit in 2018 would’ve found tank space for grapes from Vine Hill Ranch, even if there had been a compressed harvest window. Once primarily planted to Chardonnay, Vine Hill now supplies Cabernet to an elite roster of Napa wineries, thanks to a late 1980s replanting by owner Bruce Phillips (with an assist from Tony Soter). Add in an ideal season such as 2018 and “high-water mark” winemaking, according to Phillips, and it’s a recipe for benchmark wines.
I accepted Phillips’ invitation to sit down and taste with several of the producers who use his fruit. Having tasted several of the wines individually, including Phillips’ own Vine Hill Ranch bottling made by Françoise Peschon, I knew quality was extremely high. But what I didn’t have a handle on was how the group worked collectively.
“We’re farming for everyone’s first wine,” says Wolf confidently when I ask what it’s like to take a prime 70-acre vineyard and divide it up among different winemakers, rather than making one single estate wine.
“And that’s a change since phylloxera,” says Phillips. “Farming was very different before the mid-eighties. But now there’s a terrific alignment between our farming and our winemaker partners. The idea is to move the reputation of the vineyard forward collectively. Then we enjoy success together.”
The approach is part Burgundian, part Bordelais. In Burgundy, most premier and grand cru vineyards are divided among many producers, the result of 200 years under Napoleonic inheritance law. As a result, large-scale production doesn’t exist there today, and differences between one Mazis-Chambertin and another often come down to winemaking. On the flip side, a typical Médoc vineyard in Bordeaux may be more than 100 acres, with everything farmed and vinified by a single estate, resulting in larger-scale production. The result is appellations such as Pauillac or St.-Julien that deliver very uniform character, with just a few producers breaking from the pack qualitatively, thanks to their favored terroirs.
Vine Hill Ranch is planted primarily to Cabernet Sauvignon and features a narrow set of clonal selections. Within that rubric, it’s individual vineyard blocks that offer some variability in profile, as the site features hillsides on its western flank, ranging down to the flat valley floor. With a mix of winemakers sourcing fruit from various blocks, the range of bottlings features a common thread, enhanced by subtle differences in individual approaches. And having multiple winemakers in the mix forces more attention to detail in the vineyard, according to Wolf.
“When Bruce’s father was selling 60 tons to a single buyer, there wasn’t as much focus, because there didn’t need to be,” he notes. “But you’re never going to know what you have if you do it that way. Going in this direction, we were forced to tighten our focus and details. You get the best of both worlds this way.”
Tasting through the wines illustrates his point. Winemaker Jennifer Williams started working with VHR in 2017 for the Arrow & Branch label. The 2018 Arrow & Branch Cabernet Sauvignon Oakville Vine Hill Ranch is ripe and very vivid, with lots of coiled energy to its sappy currant and plum fruit carried by a torrent of gravelly earth driving underneath. There are flashes of violet and iron through the finish. The fruit is dense and the structure muscular, but the overall feel is one of a fresh and open matrix, a feeling that the site is expressing itself.
“That’s probably from the limited maceration time,” says Williams. “I don’t need that much extraction when working with VHR fruit,” a point on which her fellow winemakers are all in agreement.
“I find there’s a stoic nature to the fruit from here. Muscular but not overbearing,” says Bond winemaker Cory Empting. “You don’t need to do a lot with it.”
Empting’s 2018 Bond Vecina shows a similar fruit profile, with dense but racy dark currant and blackberry notes. The structure is a bit different in feel, as there’s a touch more bass here (Vecina takes from the upper hillside block), but the wine’s sense of tension and energy, along with a sense of controlled power, is similar in vein to that of Williams’ Arrow & Branch.
Helen Keplinger got her first chance to work with the vineyard in 2018, sourcing from one of the lower blocks that features the Eisele clone of Cabernet. The 2018 Keplinger Vine Hill Ranch has a fresh, slightly higher pitch, and tilts to red on the fruit spectrum, which allows its racy minerality to move a bit more to the fore. It’s also brimming with that controlled, coiled-up energy.
Winemaker Sam Kaplan’s 2018 Memento Mori Vine Hill Ranch (already reviewed blind, earning a classic rating) draws on two blocks divided between clone 4 and clone 337, both of them classic, popular Cabernet clones. It has a juicy, brambly, gutsy edge with nice zesty energy inlaid in its mix of red currant, loganberry and blackberry fruit. The long, tarry-edged finish has underlying freshness thanks to lilting floral and mineral hints weaving in and out.
In comparison, winemaker Jeff Ames’ 2018 Tor Vine Hill Ranch is all clone 337, and it shows a slightly plusher edge and darker cassis and licorice profile, while keeping the vineyard’s telltale mineral edge buried in a wave of smoldering warm earth and tobacco through its finish.
Tying it all together, Peschon’s 2018 VHR is captivating from the start, offering up a range of cassis, warmed plum sauce and macerated cherry and boysenberry fruit flavors, all supported by a racy graphite spine while violet, warm earth and singed alder notes create a backdrop for the fruit on the very lengthy and well-defined finish. It continues the trend of well-endowed fruit and ample structure combining to produce a vivid and energetic display, despite its obvious heft.
Imagine if you took a handful of winemakers and let them divide up a Bordeaux first-growth vineyard to make multiple grands vins. You’d likely get a consistent through line in terms of character, with subtle variations among the bottlings. Vine Hill Ranch isn’t so big that its character wanes in spots—something I see happen among the several dozen bottlings from the 600-plus-acre To Kalon Vineyard, for example. Vine Hill’s parcels are consistently excellent from end to end; dividing it up doesn’t give one winemaker the filet while leaving the rest with flank.
“The site, a great site, will always speak, regardless of the vintage,” says Phillips. “Especially when the cart is behind the horse as it is here—growing comes first.”
But it must be tempting to think of the site producing one wine, no?
“No. This is where my passion is, working with our grower partners and supporting them,” says Phillips without hesitation. “Sure, we could put it all together, but in doing so we might lose focus on some things and might wind up making more short-sighted decisions.”
“And besides, we wouldn’t get moments like this, sitting around and exchanging thoughts and ideas with each other,” says Peschon. “In the end, we all get to work with a great site and we all wind up helping each other.”
Antonio Galloni, Vinous Media, vinous.com March 17, 2022
VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon 2008–2019
Over the last decade or so, the VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon has established itself as one of the elite wines of Napa Valley. This retrospective, back to the inaugural 2008, provided a fascinating opportunity to check in on the early vintages and revisit more recent releases that complete the arc of the last dozen years here.
I still remember the first time I tasted the VHR Cabernet. It was at the end of a long day of tastings with broker Kimberly Jones. It was my first big trip to Napa Valley after Robert Parker had asked me to take over the coverage of these wines from him. I must have tasted 150 wines. The kitchen counter was literally covered with bottles. John Kongsgaard and Andy Erickson were among the winemakers who stopped by to present their latest releases. It was an incredible day.
I find large tastings like this energizing because they really focus the palate. “I have something new to show you,” Jones said. I was floored. The wine was tremendous. Even after everything I had tasted, this wine, the wine in my glass, was so obviously special, so obviously unique. It was the 2008 VHR Cabernet Sauvignon.
Vine Hill Ranch is one of the most distinctive vineyards in all of Napa Valley. Bruce Phillips and his wife, Heather, are the stewards of land that has a rich heritage going back all the way to the 1880s, the very early days of viticulture in the Napa Valley. Historical records show that wine grapes from this site were sold to a number of buyers, including Hamilton Crabb’s To Kalon Wine Company. Vine Hill Ranch is also one of very few properties that sells fruit to other wineries and also produces an estate Cabernet Sauvignon under the same name. The history of the site and wine are inextricably linked. Here, we will explore both.
A Rich Family Heritage
Bruce Phillips’ great, great grandfather, Robert Muirhead Hamilton, a native of Scotland, travelled to California in the 1840s as part of the Gold Rush. Unfortunately, the promise of discovering significant wealth never materialized. But Hamilton did meet Livingston Low Baker. Together they formed Baker & Hamilton, and built a hugely successful catalog business that sold tools and other supplies to the emerging agriculture sector. As a brief aside, the Phillips family’s new Baker & Hamilton Cabernet Sauvignon pays homage to this early chapter of their history. Hamilton’s son, Alec, married Grace Spreckels. Their daughter, also Grace, married Bruce Kelham, and that is where the modern-day history of Vine Hill Ranch begins.
Bruce Kelham had a diary operation on Point Reyes. Kelham sold his Bear Valley Ranch to the US Government in 1956 as part of a program headed by Congressman Clem Miller that combined a number of properties to form what is now the Point Reyes National Seashore, a stretch of protected land along the coast in Marin County.
Later that year Kelham used his proceeds from the sale and acquired a large tract of land in Napa Valley that spanned approximately 2,500 acres. The property started at Dwyer Road in Oakville and ran south to Yountville. From a viticultural perspective, the estate included what are today Kelham, True Dog Knoll, Vine Hill Ranch, Beckstoffer-Missouri Hopper, Moffitt, MBar Ranch and Promontory. Kelham dreamt of building a home that would recreate the spirit of Bear Valley Ranch in the Napa Valley. He called his new estate Vine Hill Ranch.
Architecture runs deep in the family. Bruce Kelham’s father, George, had been a prominent architect. He was the chief architect for the San Francisco Bay Exposition in 1935. Other major works include the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the Shell Building in San Francisco and the San Francisco Public Library (today the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco). Construction started in 1959 and finished in 1964. It’s a gorgeous home, especially in the way indoor and outdoor spaces melt into each other seamlessly.
Napa Valley was still emerging from Prohibition. It was a diverse agricultural community in which grapes were cultivated alongside other crops. From 1957 to 1974, all of the grapes from the ranch were sold to Beaulieu Vineyard for their Georges de Latour Cabernet Sauvignon. (Upon learning this piece of trivia, I had to wonder if the concept of “Rutherford Dust” might need a re-visit.) In any event, the vineyards from the western part of Napa Valley, then referred to as the Oakville and Rutherford Benches, have long been highly regarded.
Over the years, the Phillips family sold a number of parcels. Dr. Herbert Moffitt acquired a significant portion of land at the southern end of the property in the late 1950s. Moffitt sold a large tract of totally undeveloped land in the hills behind Dominus to Girard, who then sold it to Pat Stotesbury at Ladera. Many years later Bill Harlan purchased that land over a series of transactions for what is now Promontory. The Moffitts retained a small, highly regarded vineyard on Oakville’s southern border for many years before selling most of it in 2011 to the MacDonnell family at Round Pond, who rechristened their portion MBar Ranch. Other parcels from Bruce Kelham’s original holdings were spun off to members of the extended family, including the present day Kelham vineyard, and, more recently, True Dog Knoll.
In 1974, Robert Mondavi entered into an agreement to buy fruit from Vine Hill Ranch. It was a time of change in Napa Valley. By the mid 1970s, Mondavi had made a name for himself as a charming and visionary owner. Beaulieu Vineyard was going through some ups and downs. Mondavi was able to scoop up a number of top sites for his Reserve program. These included Horton (MacDonald), Detert, Moffett and Vine Hill Ranch. The relationship with Mondavi lasted until 2009. At its peak, Mondavi purchased 40% of Vine Hill Ranch fruit. It was a very different time in Napa Valley. The Phillips property encompassed around 200 acres of vineyards, but things looked quite different than they do today. Chardonnay was highly sought after. Most of the present-day Kelham vineyard was Chardonnay. Vine Hill Ranch and Missouri Hopper were planted to Cabernet Sauvignon, but also Sauvignon Blanc, which is unthinkable now.
The Modern Era
A few years later, in 1978, Alex and Bob Phillips moved their young family from San Francisco to the Napa Valley, ushering in the modern era for Vine Hill Ranch. Duckhorn, Cakebread and Robert Pepi all released vineyard-designate wines with the 1981 vintage, the first single vineyard wines off the ranch. Although not a vineyard-designate bottling in name, the Etude Oakville Cabernet Sauvignon, then made by Tony Soter, was all Vine Hill Ranch fruit, as it remains to this day.
A significant turning point arrived in the mid-1980s. By then, 75% of Vine Hill Ranch was planted to AxR1 rootstock, which unexpectedly proved to be especially vulnerable to phylloxera and caused well more than half of Napa Valley vineyards to be replanted. Facing daunting costs to redevelop and ferociously wanting to avoid debt, the Phillips family sold 40 acres to Andy Beckstoffer for the site he renamed Missouri Hopper. The year was 1991. “We had intense discussions in the family at the time,” explained Bruce Phillips, who was involved for many years in the business before formally taking over from his parents in 2004. “In the end, my father wanted to avoid debt at all costs, so we sold the front 40 acres. I can’t say I blame him given the enormous expenses we incurred to redevelop the vineyard.”
The Phillips family embarked on an ambitious project to redevelop the vineyard. “I can’t underestimate the role Tony Soter [then at Etude] played in helping us understand the subtleties of this place,” Phillips continued. In 2004, Vine Hill Ranch was divided into 12 distinct sections. Today, that work has been taken further, leading to a total of 18 different blocks and parcels across 70 planted acres.
One of the discoveries of all that work is Block 1, which became the source of the Vecina Cabernet in Bill Harlan’s new BOND range of Cabernets. “When I was a kid, Block 1 was a shrub,” Phillips explained. “Later, we found a series of terraces extending into the hillsides that were once planted to grapes, which made us totally rethink what viticulture was like here in the past. We planted Block 1 in 1991, but the terrace configuration was not optimal, as we could not manage sun exposure well. It was a time of significant redevelopment in Napa Valley, and my dad was limited in terms of what he could get for rootstocks. We ended up with mostly 03916 rootstock, which is both delicate and also needs a lot of water.”
The last vintage for the old Block 1 was 2011. A subsequent development removed the terraces and transformed the land into a more conventional hillside site planted with nine combinations of clones and rootstocks. Vine Hill Ranch is one of only few places in Napa Valley planted with the Eisele clone of Cabernet Sauvignon.
Napa Valley’s Paradigm Shift
At the same time, a fascinating shift was taking place in Napa Valley. The modern, Post-Prohibition era was dominated mostly by large estates that followed a Bordeaux-like estate model. Wineries like Inglenook, Beaulieu Vineyard, Charles Krug and Mayacamas promoted brand more than place. Even higher end wines like BV’s Georges de Latour or Mondavi’s Reserve were anchored to a brand rather than to a specific site. There were some single-vineyard Cabernets. Heitz’s Martha’s Vineyard Cabernet, Freemark Abbey’s Bosché and the Diamond Creek wines come to mind as notable exceptions.
The early and mid-1990s saw a significant shift towards single-vineyard Cabernets. David Abreu and Ann Colgin were among the new wave of producers who specifically focused on site. Bill Harlan created his BOND program with the explicit mission of highlighting hillside vineyards through small production wines inspired by the ethos of Burgundy. Andy Beckstoffer took that a step or two further by acquiring historically significant parcels, branding his vineyards and then charging a premium for his fruit. As all this happened, the first seeds were planted for what would become an estate wine at Vine Hill Ranch.
Fast forward to today. It is next to impossible to keep up with all the new wines that keep popping up in Napa Valley, almost all of them vineyard-designates from top sites made by ambitious winemakers who are intent on showcasing the essence of site.
Building the Team
The Phillipses put together an all-star team to execute their vision. Veteran vineyard manager Mike Wolf farms the ranch like a garden. Wolf got his start working with Andy Beckstoffer and now owns a vineyard management company that farms more than 500 acres throughout Napa Valley, including a number of elite sites such as Scarecrow, Meteor and Detert.
Françoise Peschon is a winemaker’s winemaker. Trained at UC Davis and the University of Bordeaux, Peschon first gained prominence at Araujo Estate, where she worked until 2013. Visit at harvest and you will meet someone whose purplish, stained hands are those of someone who is physically making wine and showing up for 4am picks rather than delegating to assistants. Her passion for this site and the wines she makes from this land are palpable.
The Art of the Blend
Most winemakers who source fruit at Vine Hill Ranch get 1 or, at most 2, blocks. The VHR Cabernet Sauvignon is the only wine that draws fruit from the entire ranch. “In 2008, we carved out one acre from each of the blocks to make our own wine. As time passed, we learned what works best for the wine we want to make.” Phillips explained. Today, the core blocks for the VHR Cabernet Sauvignon are Blocks 3, 4 and 6. Blocks 3 and 4 are towards the front of the property and are benchland blocks. Block 6 and its subdivisions lead into the hillsides.
Blocks are harvested, vinified and aged separately. One of the most fascinating tastings I do each year is tasting of the blocks prior to blending. Some of those blocks ultimately make it into the wine and some don’t. The wines see 28 to 35 days on the skins. Time in barrel is 20–21 months for the Cabernet Sauvignon and an extra 12 months for the Extended Barrel wine. New oak was 100% for the first three years but is now closer to 75%.
The Next Generation
The growing reputation of the vineyard, the success of the VHR Cabernet Sauvignon and a greater focus in special sites in general have all brought increased attention to the ranch. That has all happened very quickly. When I started covering Napa Valley wines a dozen or so years ago, Vine Hill Ranch (the vineyard) did not enjoy anywhere near the status it does now, rightly or wrongly. Today, things are quite different. Fruit prices have increased, leading to a pretty significant transition as some of the older, traditional players get priced out while young, ambitious winemakers take over blocks as they become available. One of these moments happened in 2016, when the vineyard started opening to new buyers, including TOR and Accendo. After 43 years, Cakebread stopped purchasing fruit in 2020, which created availability in a number of benchland blocks. Nigel Kinsman, Helen Keplinger, Sam Kaplan, Maayan Koschitzky and Maya Dalla Valle (for DVO) are among the young, artisan winemakers who are now sourcing Vine Hill Ranch fruit.
This past October I sat down with Bruce Phillips, Françoise Peschon and Mike Wolf at the Phillips family home to taste through all the wines, starting with the 2008 and finishing with the latest addition to the range, the Extended Age VHR Cabernet. The 2008 and 2009 are perhaps a bit less impressive than they were at the outset, but that is not unusual for new projects. Starting with 2010, the VHR Cabernet Sauvignon has been exceptional to profound. My favorites remain 2016, 2013 and 2010, all of which are also among the best wines made in those vintages, three of the best in the last several decades. The VHR Cabernet Sauvignon is a special wine from a special place made by a family with a deep connection to the land, which is where it all starts. That’s exactly what the wines in this vertical tasting conveyed.
Miquel Hudin, Hudin.com Jan. 21, 2022
A visit to Vine Hill Ranch
When talking about vineyards in Napa Valley, inevitably one name will always come up: To-Kalon.
Known for being the source of many sought-after wines and more infamously for being the source of protracted legal battles (the name, boundaries, etc.), To Kalon is a name that, for better or worse, is very well known, perhaps to excess. If you’re unfamiliar with it, then this article is one of the best accounts despite being written by former Master Sommelier, Matt Stamp who was recently stripped of the title due to his conduct with women taking the exam.
There are of course many, many other vineyards throughout Napa Valley; more than 17,000ha. From some of them, mighty expensive and dare I say, “cult” wines are made and sought after. Despite that, many of these vineyards are generally not as well known as To-Kalon. I’m not sure as to whether that’s because they’re exceedingly niche or more to the fact that those making the wines want their brand to be what people know and not the name of the vineyard–a concept that would make any Frenchman choke on his morning croissant.
If I told you that wineries such as: Cakebread Cellars, Robert Mondavi, Lail, Etude, and Bond (by Harlan Estate) all have one thing in common, you’d probably be hard-pressed to know that it’s their sourcing grapes from Vine Hill Ranch in the very southwest corner of the borders of Oakville. It’s a little piece of the greater Napa that’s long been on my list to visit given what a cornerstone it is to some of the biggest names in the valley.
Back in December, I had a chance to meet with Bruce Phillips, the third generation of the family to manage this large estate and learn a bit more about what they’re doing. As Bruce is immediately adamant to state, “We’re growers first” and that’s long been their main business, but back in 2008, they also started producing their own wine from the estate totaling just over 13,000 bottles which for Napa, is a very small production wine which helps to justify the rather weighty price tag of $250 a bottle.
The ranch was established back in 1884 although they’ve shown that it’s existed since the early 1800s and the old stagecoach lines passed along the western side of it. Like most farms, it was producing a variety of crops but Bruce showed me the old ledgers stating that the farm was not only producing wine grapes, but also making wine from them.
Bruce’s family entered into the picture in 1956 when his grandfather bought the estate which was at the time a good deal larger at 243 ha but they sold a part in the south of the estate to Andy Beckstoffer who renamed it the Beckstoffer Missouri Hopper vineyard. Today, Vine Hill Ranch totals 141ha which is still quite an enormous piece of land, but that includes everything all the way up to the Mayacamas Mountains. In terms of vineyards, they have 23ha in full production currently.
While they initially grew a bit of everything in terms of varieties, the phylloxera re-plague of the 1980s (due to the susceptible nature of the AXR1 rootstock) forced them to replant vines throughout the 1990s and thus their oldest block is 35 years old. What’s interesting is that they have in fact broken down the estate into seven different blocks as, despite this portion of Napa looking quite flat to the naked eye, there are many changes to the underlying ground.
Something important to note is that Block Six really drifts up into the mountains and is a sloped vineyard. Another important item is that in the center they have what’s called a “rhyolitic knoll”. Not being a heavy studier of geography, Bruce informed me that it’s a concentration of white, volcanic soil which has pushed up out of the ground. You can see it sitting quite visibly in the middle of the vineyard and it’s left its mark on various portions of the estate. If you look at their vineyards on Google Maps, you can really see how it marks the vineyard rows.
With the exception of 0.5ha of Petit Verdot in Block Three, they are otherwise committed fully to Cabernet Sauvignon. Napa has for decades defied common wisdom with this variety as given that it’s originally from wet, Atlantic climates, one would think it an ill fit for the warmth of California. I have in fact tasted a number of varieties (most recently some Grenache) from Napa Valley that show there’s great potential for others. Despite this, people keep working with Cabernet as that’s what the market has come to expect from the region.
I was very curious what Bruce thought about this moving forward given that it seems producers are really flirting with ruin by sticking to this variety. He told me that due to their being in the lower reaches of Oakville at lower elevation, they can receive the cooling fogs that are so definitive of the Carneros region at the very bottom of Napa and Sonoma. Additionally, one of the key aspects of their vineyards is that instead of being trellised at the more standard 60cm, they’re at 1.2 meters and in a V-formation that helps protect from the sun. Various studies have shown that this raise delays maturation anywhere from five to 10 days–something crucial when dealing with ever hotter and unpredictable summers.
But Bruce said that, as much as anyone can, they’ve been planning out about 30 years into the future and they’re definitely watching things. Again, their main business is growing given that they’re only using about 15% of their total production to make their own wines, so maintaining a healthy and productive vineyard is key to their survival. Randomly changing to some other source of grapes to maintain a “brand” isn’t an option as it is for others.
While visiting, Bruce and I sat down to taste two vintages of their estate wine. He opened the current release of 2018 as well as an older vintage of 2012. The production of the wines is truly Napa-y in terms of approach given that they see 24 months of total aging, 18 of which in new French oak. The difference is that they’re held back in bottle a good deal longer before release. This results in much calmer and more integrated wines than others who seem to sell the wines the same month they’re bottled nearly.
This VHR line that they produce is an ever-changing blend from across the seven blocks of the estate. If I was to sum it up, I’d say that it’s very much Napa without being NAPA. There are aspects of the wine, which I noted in the 2012 especially that do indeed take me back to another time in the valley. It was when I started working in wine over two decades ago and the Napa wines still had plenty of oomph and the taste of bottled, Californian sun, but were more reserved, and could age seemingly forever, gaining length via their innate acidity as opposed to losing it due to being massively alcoholic.
All the best parts of Napa are in these wines and if you’ve had the chance to taste them, then you’re a lucky individual. And, if you’re more familiar with the other wines produced from the fruit of Vine Hill Ranch, then you’ll be able to readily understand why this is the “Quiet Grand Cru” of the valley, making excellent wines without being loud about it.
2012 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Lots of dark fruit concentration in the nose, lovely blue fruit notes with a wealth of chewy, fragrant spices, cumin, licorice, touches of sage and forest floor, and a lovely floral lilt to it. Big and opulent on the palate with a lovely, sinewy acidity that runs through the wine giving great length and this chewy character that’s still developing a great deal. 94 pts.
2018 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Light ripe red fruits, plum peel and light plum notes as well braced by a bit of delicate graphite and very light notes of menthol, dried thyme and herbs. Bit brighter in the palate with very chewy red fruits notes and still a very lengthy, fine acidity to it. Very much still tucked up and in need of more time to age and expand from where it’s at the moment. 92–94 pts.
Antonio Galloni, Vinous Media, vinous.com Dec. 22, 2021
2021 Winemaker of the Year – Francoise Peschon
Each and every year I have the immense privilege – and it is a privilege – to visit leading wineries all over the world and to taste with many talented winemakers. It’s a long list. The Winemaker of the Year award is meant to recognize someone whose achievements transcend craft, someone who stands apart from the crowd. This year’s winner is Françoise Peschon.
Trained at UC Davis and the University of Bordeaux, Peschon first gained prominence at Araujo Estate, which is where I first met her more than a decade ago. Following the sale of Araujo Estate in 2013, Peschon began working on smaller projects with a very simple philosophy of focusing only on estate wineries. First up was VHR – Vine Hill Ranch, today widely recognized as one of the elite Cabernets in Napa Valley. Peschon then led a massive turnaround at Cornell, taking those wines from not at all interesting to world class in just a handful of years.
Today, Peschon is the winemaker at VHR, Heimark and Matt Morris Wines. She also makes the whites for Bart and Daphne Araujo’s Accendo winery. Visit at harvest and you will meet someone whose purplish, stained hands are those of someone who is physically making wine and showing up for 4am picks rather than delegating to assistants. In addition, Peschon is the consultant at Cornell and Almacerro, where she works alongside day-to-day winemakers Elizabeth Tangney and Matilda Scott, respectively, serving as mentor, consigliere and a mother of sorts, all in one.
Unassuming and always generous in giving credit to her colleagues, Peschon has mentored a number of other winemakers, including Graham Wehmeier who was first at Cornell, then at Futo and is now at Diamond Creek, and Rebecca George, who was previously at Kelly Fleming, where the VHR wines were made up until recently. When she is not working on one of those projects, Peschon finds time to make wine under the Drinkward-Peschon label she shares with Lisa Drinkward.
The world of consulting in Napa Valley is big, big business. Consulting winemakers regularly pull in large checks from their clients. Peschon could easily have a larger roster if she desired, but instead she chooses to focus only on clients who meet her strict criteria, not afraid to let those go who don’t. It’s an admirable approach that has very quietly made her one of the most influential and highly respected winemakers in Napa Valley, and my Winemaker of the Year.
Jancis Robinson, jancisrobinson.com Nov. 13, 2021
Napa Transformation Exported
Bruce and Heather Phillips of Vine Hill Ranch in the Napa Valley were in London recently with a strong sense of purpose. ‘We’re on a mission to show Napa Valley as it really is now’, said Bruce. ‘We want to open collectors’ eyes to how it’s changed since the 1990s. There has been an evolution, even among producers who used to make big, extracted styles of wine… New drinkers initially came into the market wanting easy-to-appreciate wines, but that’s changing. We’ve gone from big Meritage blends to nuanced single-vineyard expressions.’
Visits to China in 2017 and 2019 planted the idea of exporting their wines. ‘We saw a lot of high-volume, ordinary wines being presented as high quality’, said Bruce. ‘We were frustrated that Napa Valley isn’t presenting its finest face.’ So, believing their own Napa Valley Cabernets to be high quality, a belief echoed around ‘the Valley’, by me, and by their fastidious new UK importers, Justerini & Brooks, they started sending a few cases to Britain, which they describe as ‘the most competitive market in the world: ground zero’.
‘In the 1990s there was a proliferation of new brands [in Napa Valley], many of them launched by people who didn’t have a lot of experience’, said Bruce. ‘But now the most noted estate programmes are dialling back on their wines. There’s also the locavore movement.’ Heather chimes in: ‘Farm to table’.
Authenticity and traceability are certainly 21st-century virtues. And with them has come a notable rise in vineyard-designated wines globally.
Which is where Vine Hill Ranch comes in. In the foothills of the Mayacamas Mountains, on the cooler, east-facing side of the valley, in the southern reaches of Oakville, the site is so admired that its name features on many august Napa Valley labels. The Phillipses see themselves more as grape growers than wine producers. They sell between 85 and 90% of their grapes to just 13 vintners, and it is only since 2008 that they have made their own wine, called VHR, Vine Hill Ranch to differentiate it from other producers’ vineyard-designated bottlings of their fruit.
Bruce’s maternal grandfather built the house on the ranch in 1956, prehistory as far as modern Napa Valley wine is concerned. But it was Bruce’s banker father Bob who moved to Oakville in 1978 and really cemented the estate’s reputation as a source of top-quality Cabernet Sauvignon. He is seen above with Bruce, Heather and his wife Alex when they were voted Grower of the Year by Napa Valley Grape Growers in 2011.
In the 1960s and 1970s Vine Hill Ranch had just one customer for its Cabernet grapes: the famous oenologist André Tchelistcheff, who used them to make Beaulieu Vineyard’s seminal Georges de Latour bottling. This wine inspired Robert Mondavi to found his Oakville winery in 1966, kickstarting Napa Valley’s boom. Bob, most unusually for the mid 1980s, took the prescient decision to concentrate on Cabernet. This was at a time when white wine in general, and Chardonnay in particular, was all the rage; Chardonnay grapes fetched higher prices than Cabernet.
By now, it had become clear that the then most common vine rootstock, AXR1, offered little resistance to the deadly phylloxera louse. A good three-quarters of Vine Hill Ranch’s vines succumbed and had to be replanted. Bob had the foresight to replant entirely with Cabernet Sauvignon. His brother was not convinced; he was more interested in selling a range of grape varieties that matched market needs. This eventually led to the ranch being split in two.
Bob was left with 70 acres (28 ha) of vines that he was determined should be the best they could be. According to his son, ‘My father was very good at identifying the right experts. His brightest moment was in the late 1980s when he brought in Tony Soter as a consultant. Tony had his feet in all the great Cabernet sites in Napa.’
Unusually for the time, long before precision viticulture became a thing, soil pits were dug throughout the property and the vineyard was divided into 12 heterogeneous blocks. According to Bruce, ‘his vision as a grower was that he wanted to optimise all these various different expressions, with their varied soils, rootstocks, orientations and so on, so as to get the highest price for his grapes’. He added intriguingly, ‘People don’t often talk about growers and prices, but actually we’re all very competitive.’
One sign of the superiority of Vine Hill Ranch grapes was that Bill Harlan, of the esteemed Harlan Estate, had been buying them since 1992. Designated sections of Block 1 and Block 6 of Vine Hill Ranch, pictured at the top of this article at sunset, have been the sole source for Vecina, a mainstay of Harlan’s BOND range of singleestate wines, since 1999.
Harlan winemaker Cory Empting told me by email, ‘I see Vecina as the wise elder. It has a stoic resolve that is powerful, yet calming. These vines always amaze me with their ability to anticipate and synergise the whims of the natural world without drama. (Examples [would be] 2011, ripening against all odds, 2017 ripening earlier than ever before, allowing us to harvest everything before the fires.)’
Way back in 1974, the Phillips family had begun selling grapes to Mondavi, the man who put California on the world wine map. Mondavi’s company produced a vineyard-designated Vine Hill Ranch bottling from 2000 to 2009, but this was abandoned by the new owners, the giant Constellation Brands. Vine Hill Ranch has only just parted company with Cakebread Cellars, to whom they sold grapes for 43 years. These are long-term relationships and Bruce describes those who buy the grapes (listed below) as ‘vintner partners’ rather than clients. Does he ever turn down a request to buy his grapes? ‘Oh yes’, he assured me.
Tor Kenward considers himself fortunate to be allotted some grapes for his TOR wines and writes in his forthcoming memoir Reflections of a Vintner, ‘The vineyard and its management (led by Mike Wolf) is brilliant’, adding by email, ‘the vineyard is one of Napa’s best. The word is finally getting out.’ Paul Roberts of Colgin Cellars, who also buys Vine Hill Ranch grapes, agrees. ‘The Phillips are great folks and I do believe that Vine Hill Ranch is a very hallowed site within the Napa Valley.’
The 2020 vintage tested the hundreds of grower–vintner relationships in Napa Valley to the limit. A significant, though rarely mentioned, proportion of grapes was adversely affected by smoke taint thanks to wildfires that ravaged the outskirts of Napa Valley just before harvest. Many vintners refused to buy the fruit they had been buying for years. Only about 40% of growers, including the Phillipses, had crop insurance. Labs throughout the US were overwhelmed by requests to analyse grapes for the compounds associated with smoke taint. Lawyers rubbed their hands. But Bruce was proud to say that ‘80% of our fruit was delivered. The 2020 wines taste like a warm vintage, but they lack a bit of the vibrancy of 2014 to 2016. They’ll be very dense.’ The average price paid for Vine Hill Ranch’s 2021 grapes, which were unaffected by fire, is apparently $28,000 a ton (c £20,650/€24,200). (The average price of Napa Cabernet grapes is about $8,000 a ton.)
As is common in Napa Valley, Vine Hill Ranch vines are worked by a vineyard management company, in this case that of Mike Wolf. The ranch was his first client when Wolf left Napa Valley’s most famous vineyard owner Andy Beckstoffer and went off on his own. When the Phillipses decided to produce their own wine, from a range of different blocks on the ranch, they chose as winemaker Françoise Peschon, who is known for the subtlety and expressiveness of her wines.
She used to make the impeccable wines of Araujo Estate until it was acquired by François Pinault’s Artémis Domaines. She now also makes the wines for the former owners’ new label Accendo.
Recently in London I tasted vintages from even-numbered years of VHR wine from 2008 to 2018. They were seriously impressive and not overdone. Mid-tasting, Bruce noted intriguingly that ‘Napa Valley today is full of egotists who don’t have a great deal of perspective, often making mistakes that I’ve seen already’. He refused to be drawn on who those guilty parties were, and on what those mistakes might be, simply stating that, in this era of water shortages, the fashion for cramming as many vines as possible into an acre should be well and truly over.
He also expressed a sentiment in London with which I can only agree. ‘I’d like to see more of our vintners show their wines here and put aside that Napa image of 1990s style of big, extracted wines.’ I wonder how many Brits will abandon their prejudices sufficiently to pay more than £200 for a bottle of VHR 2018? They seem happy enough to pay that for a fine Pomerol.
Vine Hill Ranch’s vintner partners
Arrow & Branch
DVO, a partnership between Maya Dalla Valle and Ornellaia of Tuscany that will be launched soon with the 2018 vintage
Nigel Kinsman’s project with the new owner of Bella Oaks vineyard
A new project with Maayan Koschitzky of Atelier Melka
Jancis Robinson and Julia Harding MW, jancisrobinson.com Nov. 11, 2021
Napa Comes to London: VHR, Vine Hill Ranch
Jancis writes: The tasting notes below were taken, from old to young, at a meeting in London with Bruce and Heather Phillips of Vine Hill Ranch in the offices of their new UK importer Justerini & Brooks. I will be writing in more detail about them on Saturday. Note that the wines are usually about 14.8% but don’t taste aggressively alcoholic. In fact they taste pretty beautifully balanced. They are made by Françoise Peschon in the underground cellars of the Arkenstone facility at the top of Howell Mountain. (You have to take an elevator down to the production facility apparently.)
The 13 vintners who buy the great majority of the Cabernet Sauvignon grapes they grow sometimes make vineyard-designated wines from them and usually buy specific blocks on the ranch. (There are 12 of them.) But the Phillipses are determined that their own wine should be a blend of fruit from several blocks that best expresses the combination of the estate and the year.
Bruce has designed incredibly detailed labels which reflect the ancient ledgers of what was grown on Vine Hill Ranch long before it was acquired by his maternal grandfather. The labels chart exactly which blocks went into the blend, how many vines there are in each block, and when each block was picked. Oh and the exact yield, in tons per acre.
The debut vintage of ‘VHR, Vine Hill Ranch’ (sic) was 2008 and only 300 cases were made. The 2016 vintage yielded 925 cases and of the 2018, the vintage recently launched in the UK by Justerini & Brooks, there were a total of 1,100 cases. Justerinis have also been allotted a few cases of older vintages.
2008 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Full bottle 1,525 g. Cool, challenging season which winemaker Françoise Peschon is on record as saying she much enjoyed making. Luscious deep crimson. A gorgeous, fully mature wine with notes of spice and dried herbs. Lifted and long. Not sweet and thick. Lovely freshness on the end. Round with super-ripe tannins. 18.5 pts.
Drinking window: 2012–2027
2010 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Cool season punctuated by heat spikes. The Cabernet was slow to ripen and there had to be a lot of leaf removal to encourage ripening. There was also sunburn so the vintage is apparently known for angularity. ‘But we like dappled light’, according to Bruce Phillips.Still quite a tight nose. There was a note of creosote that was to surface in other vintages on the nose. Deep and plush. Very flattering and really quite ripe. And still quite youthful. Firmer than the 2008. Still muscular. 18 pts.
Drinking window: 2015–2032
2012 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Very warm, easy year. No frost or heat spikes. High yields. Another wine with that high tone of something mineral. Really transparent. Lifted and somehow very fluid (which may seem a strange tasting note but seems a good indication of the wine’s beautiful texture). The little bit of dry tannin on the end suggests this wine still has quite a bit of potential. 18.5 pts.
Drinking window: 2015–2030
2014 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Very bright, healthy, deep crimson. Very pure nose with an undertow of blackberries. Still quite a bit of tannin and acidity on the finish. Fresh inkiness. Graphite and a dry finish. Vibrant with energy. Light, dry, fine tannins. Really very luxurious and pleasing already. 18.5 pts.
Drinking window: 2018–2035
2016 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
This was the first blend in which Block 7 played no part. And fruit from the steep, replanted-in-2012 Block 1 was included for the first time. Deep purplish, blackish crimson. Impenetrable colour. Quite rich and concentrated on the nose with yeast extract plus that graphite/creosote note too. Dense and still pretty dry on the end. Bit tarry on the finish but the overall impression is somehow, amazingly, very pretty. 18+ pts.
Drinking window: 2022–2040
2018 VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon
Deep purplish crimson. Rich fruit but still grainy-textured with very marked tannins. Clearly this wine is still developing. Dry not sweet. Very muscular and grown up! But still a baby. 18++ pts.
Drinking window: 2024–2045
James Molesworth, winespectator.com Oct. 13, 2021
Vine Hill Ranch: One of Napa Cabernet’s Best-Kept Secrets
Bruce and Heather Phillips’ little-known Oakville vineyard provides grapes to Napa’s elite, and their own estate Cabernet is an authoritative expression of the site
How’s this lineup? Bond, Accendo, Kinsman Eades, Lail, Keplinger, Dalla Valle’s new DVO project … these are just a few of the producers who source fruit from Vine Hill Ranch.
Don’t be surprised if you haven’t heard the name. Located in the southern portion of western Oakville, VHR is quietly considered one of the top sources for Cabernet Sauvignon. In a wine world with a preponderance of single-vineyard bottlings, VHR’s name doesn’t typically appear on labels. And that’s OK with owners Bruce and Heather Phillips.
“We’re interested in working with winemaker partners who want to make wines that represent the site, and showcase what makes it special. As long as they’re doing that, we’re fine with it,” says Bruce.
The 600-acre site currently has 70 acres under vine. The original 2,500-acre property was purchased by Bruce Phillips’ grandfather in 1956, though there’s a history of grapegrowing on the site that dates to the late 19th century. Bruce’s father, Robert, then helped turn it into an insider’s prized source for fruit, starting by providing a good portion of Beaulieu Vineyard’s Georges de Latour bottling in the 1960s and ’70s.
“It was an interesting time,” says Bruce of that period. “My father really wanted to focus on a single varietal, and he knew this was good Cabernet land. But the economics at the time, when Chardonnay was king, kept that plan at bay.”
In 1974, Robert Phillips started selling fruit to Robert Mondavi for his reserve Cabernet bottling. A decade later, the younger Phillips finished high school and was working part-time alongside his father. He took a break to try the organic food business and some other pursuits, but the wine bug called him back. After attending U.C. Davis, he returned to work full-time on the family property.
Over the years, a few parts of the property were split off, eventually becoming Promontory and Andy Beckstoffer’s Missouri Hopper vineyard, while the heart of the vineyard around the foreman’s house and family home stayed intact.
“Along the way we had some conversations about switching from just growers to producers. One idea was to go in whole hog, use the entire vineyard’s production and become a 20,000-plus-case winery,” says Bruce. “The conversation lasted about 10 minutes. My dad said no way. It was a really scary proposition at the time.”
So the Phillips kept on as growers. Then phylloxera reared its ugly head in the mid-1980s. Enter Tony Soter, the former Etude winemaker whose imprimatur is quietly all over Napa Valley’s Cabernet history. Soter helped oversee the replanting in the late 1980s due to phylloxera, and after a soil analysis identified a dozen different spots, including some with volcanic ash amid the more typical alluvial gravel/loam mix, varying rootstock and clonal selections were made.
“The economics of the wine industry allowed for it as the demand for Cabernet had begun to outpace Chardonnay,” says Bruce. “And Tony really helped put us on the right path. He optimized the site’s expression through a single variety.”
When working with winemakers today, the Phillips family approaches it as a group ethos.
“It’s about a community of winemakers all doing something different, but special, to optimize the vineyard’s expression. We talk about what kind of wine they want to make, which then helps us figure out which parts of the vineyard they should work with,” says Bruce.
The flatter portions that extend toward Highway 29 provide a rich fruit profile with silky tannins, while the hillside portion that ranges up to 600 feet higher up provides a darker fruit profile and more intense tannins. Mike Wolf farms the property, and the site is managed according to organic principles, though it isn’t certified.
While all of the producers who source VHR’s fruit are connected by a thread of vibrant and vivid dark blue and black fruit in their respective wines, they each have their own style. And VHR did finally join the producer ranks; its own Cabernet bottling debuted with the 2008 vintage.
The Phillips family keeps a modest 15 percent of the production for their estate bottling, made by winemaker Françoise Peschon, and it’s a wine that also provides a stark and authoritative example of the site. The Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon Oakville 2018, a 100 percent Cabernet Sauvignon bottling, is captivating from the start, with a gorgeous display of cassis, warmed plum sauce and macerated cherry and boysenberry fruit flavors, all supported by a racy graphite spine. Extra violet, warm earth and singed alder notes create a backdrop for the fruit on the very lengthy and well-defined finish. And despite the heft, there’s latent energy as well. It’s a very serious Cab, from a very serious vineyard ….
Esther Mobley, SF Chronicle Dec. 2019
2019 Winemaker of the Year: Francoise Peschon
In the dimly lit wine cave, Francoise Peschon is extracting small samples of wine from barrels. She bends over each barrel, removing the rubber bung, then plunges a plastic thief into the belly and lets it rest for a moment, acclimating. With a flick of her thumb, the thief’s chamber fills with deep, dark Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon.
All the barrels contain Cabernet — that’s pretty much all Vine Hill Ranch grows — and the first barrel she taps holds 2018 Cab from Block 4 of the Vine Hill Ranch vineyard in Napa’s Oakville AVA.
“I always know when it’s Block 4,” says Peschon, the consulting winemaker at Vine Hill Ranch. It’s racy, acid-driven, raspberry-flavored, a very un-Napa-like Cabernet. Next is a barrel holding the fruit from Block 6A: fleshier, more herbal, recalling the chaparral that surrounds the vines. Block 6L is a little denser, tinged with graphite and currants.
And then, the powerhouse: Vine Hill Ranch’s Block 6M. It’s monolithic, huge, dark-fruited. An avalanche of tannins parches the mouth in its wake. “This wine is never graceful,” says Peschon. “It is my muscular, brooding wine. I don’t always love it, but it’s a part of the blend.”
Sure enough, when Peschon pulls a sample of a first attempt at a blend — a combination, differently proportioned each year, of wine from all Vine Hill Ranch’s different sections — the brute force of 6M does not protrude. I can’t pick out Block 4’s tart raspberry, either. I can still sense that unmistakable chaparral aroma; I can still feel the firm, precise structure that the acid and tannins have built. But the counterweights have met in the middle and become something altogether more compelling.
“I’m never trying to create the ‘best wine,’” Peschon, 56, says as she puts her nose to her glass. Her unkempt, slightly frizzy brown bob belies her preternaturally calm, quietly confident demeanor as the consulting winemaker for a half-dozen of Napa Valley’s premier labels. “I just want to make something that captures the entire ranch,” from its flatlands at the valley floor through its sylvan hillsides that reach up into the Mayacamas Mountains.
The still-nascent 2018 Vine Hill Ranch blend is not a flashy wine, but it’s also not a boring one. It’s a wine that perfectly represents modern-day Napa Valley — this is Oakville Cabernet Sauvignon, after all, the quintessential expression of rich, opulent Napa Valley Cab — but it also, in a way, stands in defiance of it, by emphasizing the vineyard’s heterogeneity, by coaxing out nuance at the expense of power.
Respectful of the classics, but subtly subversive: That, in a phrase, is why Francoise Peschon is The Chronicle’s 2019 Winemaker of the Year.
Francoise Peschon became the winemaker for Vine Hill Ranch in 2008, a challenging harvest. “I worry about a lot of things,” says Peschon, driving up a hill toward Heimark Vineyard in Calistoga. “What is Napa Valley today? What have we become?”
Napa Valley is America’s preeminent wine region, but lately that preeminence has looked vulnerable. Wine prices are astronomical, averaging about $80 for a bottle of Cabernet. No one but enormous corporations can afford to buy vineyards. The valley’s land-use politics are increasingly thorny. A downturn for the wine market looks like it could be imminent. Millennials aren’t interested in visiting. Not to mention the ongoing threats of water scarcity, rising temperatures and wildfires.
The Napa Valley machine is still running. But within a generation, could it break?
Peschon represents the best chance Napa’s got at remaining vibrant. Best known as winemaker for Araujo Estate from 1993 to 2013, she is now a consultant, making the wines for Heimark, Cornell, Accendo, Matt Morris and Piedra Hill in addition to Vine Hill Ranch, plus a small label, Drinkward Peschon, which she co-owns with her best friend, Lisa Drinkward.
But unlike many of Napa’s premier winemaking consultants, known for imprinting a homogeneous style on all the wines they touch, Peschon has no signature stamp. She believes “a winemaker is a means to an end,” she says. “You have to justify the site.” Her wines, though mostly Napa Valley Cabernet, are each as distinctive as those individual Vine Hill Ranch barrels.
It’s a terroir-first, ego-second approach — an approach that’s become all too rare in Napa.
“There are a lot of consulting winemakers whose faces you see everywhere, they’re always in the press,” says Drinkward. “Francoise is not that person. She’s an under-the-radar personality. But she’s so admired here. Everywhere you go in Napa, everybody knows (her).”
With 34 harvests under her belt, Peschon’s scope of influence is just as great as big-name consultants like Philippe Melka, Celia Welch and Helen Turley, but she’s uninterested in being a celebrity winemaker. “That’s such an American phenomenon, that winemakers are like movie stars,” says Peschon, the daughter of Luxembourg expats. “I just think it’s a) ridiculous and b) boring.”
“Very few people in Napa are as liked as they are respected,” says Matt Morris, a photographer and owner of the eponymous Charbono label whose wines Peschon makes. But, he says, she’s incredibly humble: “Every wine dinner where she’s supposed to be the guest of honor, she’s back in the kitchen doing dishes.”
It’s in vogue for winemakers to deny that they impose “style” on their wines, to say they’re merely letting the vineyard speak. Peschon’s tendency to downplay her own role is earnest, but it’s also not entirely accurate. “She says it’s all the vineyards,” says Accendo Cellars owner Bart Araujo. “Well, I’m sorry, it’s not quite that simple. There has to be a shepherd. Francoise seems to have this intuitive ability to respect the science but also move beyond it, to a place of creativity.”
Anyway, “style” isn’t the best way to characterize the unifying thread between Peschon’s different wines. What connects them, rather, is her openness to letting them be themselves, even when that doesn’t result in the sort of wine that’s popular in Napa Valley these days.
The wines might be rustic, with tough tannins, or they might be slight and lean. They’re often green, embracing herbal flavors. “I love wines that take on their environment,” Peschon says. “I want to foster ecosystems — microcosms.” She was drawn to the Cornell Vineyard in Sonoma County’s Fountaingrove AVA, for example, whose Cabernet she makes with winemaker Elizabeth Tangney, because the wine reflects its rugged mountain habitat: mint, peat, tea leaf.
Peschon’s approach has quietly been shaping and challenging the Napa Valley wine industry for the last three decades.
Peschon grew up in Los Altos Hills. Her parents had come to California from their native Luxembourg when her father won a Fulbright fellowship to Stanford. In true European fashion, wine was a part of the family’s table at both lunch and dinner. Her parents loved Wente Grey Riesling. “Everyone thought they were alcoholics,” she laughs.
When she enrolled at UC Davis, she already knew she wanted to become a winemaker. “It’s the perfect job,” she says. The idea of working outside and experiencing the seasons — and tasting wine, of course — attracted her. Luckily, she had one very useful connection: Her uncle worked for the palace in Luxembourg and helped her land a job with Chateau Haut-Brion, which is owned by Prince Robert of Luxembourg and long considered one of Bordeaux’s finest wineries. She spent her first year out of college, 1985 to 1986, at Haut-Brion — an enviable entry on any young winemaker’s resume.
After returning to California, Peschon worked for Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars for six years. Then she went to Rombauer but soon discovered she would need a job with more flexibility. “I was four months pregnant and didn’t know it,” she says.
Winemaker Tony Soter, who was using custom-crush space at Rombauer, saw a way to help. He was immediately impressed by Peschon’s winemaking sensibilities. His lasting image of her, he says, is of Peschon bent over a small fermenting vat of Cabernet, with both arms thrust in to her elbows. That intimate contact with the wine was “all in an effort to get a better sense of its temperature and put her nose close to the escaping gaseous aromas,” says Soter, who now owns Soter Vineyards in Oregon. “That’s when I knew she would be great at what she does.”
Soter suggested that Peschon meet with Bart and Daphne Araujo. They had recently bought the Eisele Vineyard, a historic property in Calistoga that had produced some of Napa’s greatest wines in the 1970s from Joseph Phelps and Conn Creek, and had fallen into disrepair. They wanted to revive it, but there wasn’t yet enough work to bring on a full-time winemaker. Would Peschon come on part time? The arrangement had obvious appeal for the new mother.
Peschon joined Araujo Estate in 1993. That year, she and her husband, Michael Straka, who works for a life-sciences company, had their first child, Isabelle; two years later their son Matthew was born. When the children were a little older, she resumed full-time work. (Both children now work in the wine industry.)
“From the beginning, we loved her approach,” says Daphne Araujo. “She’s always been more interested in producing a wine that reflects where it came from than making huge changes to what’s in the tank.”
The Araujo Estate wines were one of the great success stories of the 1990s, considered among the so-called “cult Cabernets,” an elite group of expensive, exclusive, elusive wineries that all came to prominence in the same moment. Araujo was always the odd cult out, strikingly different from peers like Bryant, Harlan, Colgin and Screaming Eagle. The wines were more savory than they were fruity, restrained in their weight and power.
“The critics didn’t see the Araujo wines as typical of California,” says Bart Araujo. They never received a 100-point score from either Robert Parker or Wine Spectator. (In 2013, the owners of Bordeaux’s Chateau Latour bought Araujo Estate. The Araujos launched a new winery, Accendo, and brought Peschon along.)
Meanwhile, in 2000, Peschon and Drinkward started making a little wine on the side. They have always made just one cuvee, a Cabernet called Entre Deux Meres, or “between two mothers” (a play on the Bordeaux subregion Entre Deux Mers, “between two seas”). Originally intended as a college fund for their children, the wine now funds charitable donations.
“Who’s the audience for Napa wine? Old white men,” Peschon says. “So you think — how can you do something good with this?” The wine has supported Planned Parenthood, Meals on Wheels, Family House, the Napa Valley Farmworker Foundation, plus foundations funding research for Alzheimer’s, from which Peschon’s father suffered.
In 2008, Peschon became the winemaker for Vine Hill Ranch, whose owners, the Phillips family, had been selling grapes since the 1960s but were only just now launching their own wine brand. The weather that year was so strange — cold, then punctuated by freak heat spikes, plus threatened by wildfire smoke — that owner Bruce Phillips almost considered pulling the plug. But Peschon cautioned patience, welcoming the understated, reticent wine that the vintage offered.
“Francoise is just incredibly adept at taking all these different components and weaving them together,” says Phillips.
She doesn’t think of it in such complicated terms. “Challenging vintages are the most fun to make,” she shrugs. Today, the 2008 Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon tastes like a walk in the woods: It’s all sage and bay laurel, carried by a focused, piercing line of acidity.
As much as Peschon’s way suggests a promising path forward for Napa Valley, she’s all too aware of the obstacles her community faces. The unstoppable trajectory toward higher prices, the corporate takeover of family vineyards, the lack of interest from Millennials — it is all adding up to something of an existential crisis for America’s most famous wine region.
Peschon gets this. “I worry about where our workers are living,” she says. Whereas Calistoga used to be affordable, vineyard and winery workers are forced to commute from Santa Rosa and Fairfield.
“I’m worried we’ve forgotten where we came from,” she continues. “Today everyone just wants to talk about these new little brands,” many of them priced enormously high. What about the land-owning families that have consistently grown and made good, honest wine for decades, slowly establishing Napa Valley’s reputation without glitz or flash?
Her approach to winemaking isn’t flashy, either. And she’s made a point of letting younger winemakers, many of them women whom she has mentored, also take that path. “Francoise is at her core a mother,” says Morris. “If you look at her projects, they’re stacked with women that she has placed as winemakers,” like Tangney at Cornell and Matilda Scott at Piedra Hill.
Make no mistake, though. Peschon is still a Napa Valley winemaker, with all its inherent limitations. Her wines are expensive. Even the Entre Deux Meres, which at $75 represents one of the valley’s best bargains, is a huge splurge for most people.
Will it require a revolution to correct Napa Valley’s course? Will it take a more subversive approach than Peschon is offering? Maybe the future lies in climate change-resistant grape varieties like Touriga Nacional. Maybe the craze for natural wine will render Napa less and less relevant, or maybe the large corporations’ growing hold on its land will seal the valley’s fate.
Maybe. But then again, Peschon’s steady, faithful course has been its own sort of revolution in Napa Valley over the last 34 years — a revolution fought not in public, not in magazine headlines, but in the private daily work of making wine. Waves of critics, fads and fickle customers never swayed her from her true path. And maybe that’s the path that Napa needs now. “I just have to believe,” she says, “that in the end, the classics don’t go out of fashion.”
About the series: Every year, The Chronicle recognizes a winemaker who has shown exceptional talent, vision and dedication to his or her craft. We look for delicious wines, of course, but also for people who have demonstrated industry leadership and the courage to innovate. More than anything, we look for winemakers whose stories illuminate the larger stories playing out in the California wine landscape. The Winemaker of the Year tells us what it means to be a California winemaker today.
Todd Andrlik, The Napa Wine Journal Nov. 2019
Vine Hill Ranch: The Historic Vineyard Takes Center Stage
Vine Hill Ranch is often labeled a “quiet, behind-the-scenes” vineyard. The Phillips family, who own and operate the ranch, have long heard similar descriptions throughout the industry and press. The offstage characterization is understandable. For decades, the majority of its fruit has gone without designation into other great Cabernet Sauvignon wines, such as Andre Tchelistcheff’s 1968 BV Georges de Latour Private Reserve, Robert Mondavi’s 1997 Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve and Bill Harlan’s 2012 Bond Vecina.[i]
The vineyard began garnering broader attention in 2008, with the introduction of the estate VHR, Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon. While 90 percent of Vine Hill Ranch’s fruit still goes to other producers, the estate VHR wine repeatedly attracts the spotlight. All ten VHR vintages since its inaugural 2008 release have earned ratings north of 95 points, with Antonio Galloni awarding the 2016 a perfect score.[ii]
Achieving continuous critical acclaim should come as no surprise to most wine professionals. The vineyard has an impressive pedigree that dates back to the mid-nineteenth century.
An Agricultural Gold Mine
In the early 1850s, California was celebrating its statehood and Napa Valley was bustling with settlers as their plows cut through the mostly virgin land. Enormous cattle herds grazed on the valley’s wild grasses. Beautiful wildflowers and magnificent oak trees dotted the landscape, which had long been occupied by local Indian tribes who hunted and gathered more than they farmed. Early settlers built humble homes miles apart and some had private plantings of fruit trees and grapevines. [iii]
The area was an agricultural gold mine to pioneers. More than 120 years before the Judgement of Paris, Napa Valley’s exceptionally fertile soil was earning the highest levels of praise. It was labeled “one of the richest agricultural districts in the state” by U.S. Boundary Commissioner John Russell Bartlett, who toured the valley in 1852. “If this romantic valley were transferred to the older countries of Europe, it would be taken for the domain of a prince or a nobleman,” he wrote. [iv]
A well-known Napa Valley resident at that time was George Yount. About a dozen years earlier, he received a 12,000-acre land grant from the Mexican government that included present-day Oakville. Yount described the land around his “Caymus Rancho” as “some of the most fertile in the world—it would be difficult in any country to find land, in point of fertility, superior to that in Napa Valley.” [v]
In the late 1840s, Yount sold 650 acres of Caymus Rancho—just west of today’s Highway 29 near Yountville—to his former Missouri neighbor Charles Hopper for a discounted per-acre price of $1.50. Along the foothills of the Mayacamas Mountains, near groves of live oaks and madrone trees, Hopper eventually planted about 20 acres to grapevines. Hopper’s humble vineyard on the present-day Vine Hill Ranch set in motion a farming pedigree that includes Hopper, Whitton, Hahn, Taddei, Kelham and now Phillips. [vi]
Location, Elevation and Microclimate
Vine Hill Ranch is tucked away in the southwest corner of the Oakville appellation benchland, approximately 200 to 300 feet elevation. The well-draining rocky loam is comprised of quartz-rich marine sediments with sodium and potassium minerals. [vii]
Being over 70 acres in scope creates a palette reflective of distinct soil characteristics and compositions. The vineyard is at the base of an alluvial fan, bordered by two streams, dotted with numerous knolls of rhyolitic deposits, and surrounded by hundreds of acres of wildlands.
The microclimate features a cool morning fog from San Pablo Bay that often reaches the vineyard. Tucked along the base of the Mayacamas Range, the vineyard’s location results in less intense afternoon sun exposure. The addition of an afternoon breeze means a slightly cooler grape growing experience compared to Rutherford, St. Helena and Calistoga.
A unique trellising system augments the microclimate. “Interestingly, a fair amount of the vineyard is trellised quite high off the ground,” wrote Kelli White in Napa Then & Now. Viticulturist Michael Wolf, who has managed the vineyard since 1998, explained the reason to White. “There is an average four- to five-degree difference in the daily temperature between fruiting zones that are two feet vs four feet off the ground. This difference helps slow down the ripening and promotes elegance and acidity in the elevated grapes.” [viii]
“Combined, all of these elements consistently create winegrapes of singular quality and character,” VHR Managing Partner Bruce Phillips told The Napa Wine Journal.
Seven-block Winemaker’s Toolkit
Approximately 71 acres, or roughly 16 percent, of the 450-acre ranch is planted to vine. The vineyard is split into seven distinctive blocks with all but one being exclusively Cabernet Sauvignon (Block 3 is about 21-percent Petit Verdot). To make the estate VHR wine, one-acre plots from selected blocks are custom vinified and aged, then uniquely blended with the technical harvest details outlined on each vintage’s wine label. The separate blocks contribute different characteristics to the wine with “fruit from our higher vineyard blocks exuding an earthy, forest floor chaparral quality—the sloping grade, gravelly soil and most mature vines produce intense, concentrated and expressive black fruit,” according to the VHR website. “Blocks on the lower benchland, with its deep, loamy soils and younger vines, yield bright fruit flavors and fine tannins full of verve and energy.” [ix]
Wine professional Karen Ulrich provided the best decoder ring for deciphering the seven VHR blocks. In 2012, she wrote:
Located near the Valley Floor, Blocks 2-4 are the estate’s “benchland” blocks that yield fruit that is red in character, and bright with soft and supple tannins. At 300-400 feet above sea level, these vines receive the moisture that comes downslope, which in turn informs the density of the plantings and the choice of selected clones. With 1,000-1,400 vines per acre, the “benchland” blocks can be twice as dense as those on the hillside. And while Blocks 1 and 6, which are located on the hills of the Maycamas Mountain Range, average 700-750 vines per acre, they produce grapes that bring structure to the wine with big tannins and notes of dark fruit, with nuances in between.
On the northern boundary, Block 7 is the smallest of the lots, at 5.72 acres. Located on the watershed of the Maycamas, this Block contains the highest mineral content. With roots that reach 10-15 feet deep, the soil here is rich with cobblestones, yielding fruit that is high in minerality.
As the estate’s oldest and most historic plot, Block 1 was originally planted to vines in 1873, and most recently replanted in 1990, post-phylloxera when, Bruce said, “my father brought the vineyard back.” Terraced just as the plot was back in 1873, Block 1 could have yielded another 40 years of fabulous wines, but it is currently out of commission. Now planted to a single clone and a single rootstock, Block 1 is undergoing a transformation. Employing eight clones and rootstocks, VHR is redirecting the terracing from the contour of the hill that it now follows, to rows that travel up and down the hill. During the 1990s the farming equipment was big and heavy, but now that technology has changed the rows can be more tightly spaced and in-line, which will yield better and more consistent fruit quality with optimal exposure. And while the Block is now lying fallow, the stakes and rootstocks will be in place next summer, and the grafts will be added the following spring in 2014. [x]
Three Generations of Progress
In 1959, Bruce Kelham, a San Francisco-based architect and rancher who played a role in the establishment of the Point Reyes National Seashore, acquired more than 1,000 acres of land in Napa Valley, which he named Vine Hill Ranch. In the 1960s and much of the 1970s, the property was primarily farmed for hay and walnuts, with the balance dedicated to winegrape.
In the late 1970s, the second generation—Alex (Kelham) and Bob Phillips—directed a ranch renovation project that transitioned the bulk of farmland to grapevines. The vineyard featured a variety of white and red winegrape varieties then. A decade later, following the phylloxera infestation of the late 1980s, the land was replanted almost exclusively to Cabernet Sauvignon. “Bob transformed Vine Hill Ranch into a world-class vineyard,” according to his 2014 obituary. “Widely respected for his kindness and integrity, Bob forged solid and long-lasting partnerships with leading wine producers including Araujo Estate, Cakebread Cellars, Duckhorn Vineyards, Etude, Harlan Estate, Lail Vineyards and the Robert Mondavi Winery. He became an integral part of the Napa Valley and dedicated himself to agricultural land preservation and to the community.” [xi]
In 1996, Andy Beckstoffer, who is “very careful to buy … historically significant vineyards,” acquired a large section of the vineyard just west of Route 29 and named it Beckstoffer Missouri Hopper. [xii]
In the 2000s, the third generation—led by Bruce and Heather Phillips—assumed a more active role in vineyard operations and brought with them a vision to create a true wine of place from the vineyard. Following years of planning and preparation, the inaugural 2008 commercial vintage of the VHR estate wine was released. “Moving into winemaking closes the loop,” said Bruce Phillips at the Napa Valley Grapegrowers 2011 Budbreak Conference. [xiii]
The inaugural VHR release and every vintage since has been master-crafted by Francoise Peschon, who studied at the University of California Davis and apprenticed at Chateau Haut-Brion before serving as winemaker for 15 years at Araujo Estate. Shortly after its release in 2011, the 2008 vintage earned 95 points by Antonio Galloni, who wrote, “Vine Hill Ranch has to be one of the most exciting debuts in Napa Valley.” [xiv]
Like a decades-long relay race, each generation of Vine Hill Ranch leadership has played a vital role in the vineyard’s success. The first generation acquired the land, the second generation dedicated the land to vine, and the third generation launched the estate wine brand. Land lineage and continuity of care dating back to Napa’s settlement, coupled with high-integrity generational influence, translates to an extraordinary history and remarkable wine.
[i] “Phillips Family Named Napa Valley Grower of the Year,” The North Bay Business Journal, March 30, 2011. The journal published a story quoting Napa Valley Grapegrowers President David Beckstoffer as saying the Phillips family “quietly represented the best of what we as growers hope to be.” Kelli A. White, Napa Valley Then & Now (Rudd Press, 2015), 1147. Sommelier Kelli White wrote in her tome that Vine Hill Ranch “operated behind the scenes in Napa Valley, acting for decades as a significant, though often uncredited, source of grapes for Napa’s best cabernets.” David Rosengarten, ”Vine Hill Ranch: The Quiet Superstar Has Been Steadily Producing Napa’s Finest Grapes for Decades,” Forbes, April 9, 2018. In 2018, Forbes magazine published an article titled “Vine Hill Ranch: The Quiet Superstar Has Been Steadily Producing Napa’s Finest Grapes for Decades.”
[ii] “Recognition,” Vine Hill Ranch, accessed October 12, 2019, https://vinehillranch.com/wine-of-place-recognition.html.
[iii] John Russell Bartlett, Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, Vol. 2 (New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1854), 14-18. The homes of Joseph Osborne and Edward Turner Bale’s widow are described as having grapevines and fruit trees.
[iv] Bartlett, Personal Narrative, 16.
[v] Charles L. Camp, ed., George C. Yount and his Chronicles of the West (Denver: Old West Publishing Company, 1966), 153.
[vi] Franklin Beard, ed., Charles Hopper and the Pilgrims of the Pacific (La Grange, California: Southern Mines Press, 1981), 96. See also Charles Camp, George C. Yount, 165.
[vii] ”Vine Hill Ranch,” Everyvine, accessed October 12, 2019. (intext link “Everyvine” links to http://www.everyvine.com/org/Phillips_Family_Farming_LLC/vineyard/Vine_Hill_Ranch/) Jonathan Swinchatt and David G. Howell, The Winemaker’s Dance: Exploring Terroir in the Napa Valley (University of California Press, 2004), 102.
[viii] Kelli A. White, Napa Then & Now, 1149.
[ix] Vine Hill Ranch Vineyard Map, Vine Hill Ranch, accessed October 12, 2019, https://vinehillranch.com/images/vhr-seven-blocks/VineHillRanch_VineyardMap.pdf. Vine Hill Ranch, Our Estate Vineyard, accessed October 12, 2019, https://vinehillranch.com/vhr-seven-blocks.html. The 350 acres that comprise Vine Hill Ranch today is about one-third the size of the original property that Kelham purchased in 1958. Two-thirds of the property has been sold and is now MBar Ranch, Promontory, Harlan Estate, Missouri Hopper and more.
[x] Karen Ulrich, ”VHR and the Art of Orchestrating the Seven Block Toolbox,” T. Edward New York Wine Blog, December 13, 2012. Republished at Articles about VHR, Vine Hill Ranch, https://vinehillranch.com/wine-of-place-recognition.html. In his Napa map series, Antonio Galloni considers Block 1 “arguably the most stunning.”
[xi] ”Three Generations,” Vine Hill Ranch, accessed October 12, 2019, https://vinehillranch.com/farming-heritage-three-generations.html. William Robert (Bob) Phillips obituary, San Francisco Chronicle, October 31, 2014.
[xii] William Andrew Beckstoffer, “Premium California Vineyardist, Entrepreneur, 1960s to 2000s,” an oral history conducted in 1999 by Carole Hicke, Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 2000.
[xiii] ”Budbreak Conference in the Napa Valley,” WineBusiness.com, April 21, 2011. (intext link for “Winebusiness.com” lands here– https://www.winebusiness.com/blog/?go=getBlogEntry&dataId=86694.
[xiv] Antonio Galloni, Robert Parker’s The Wine Advocate, 198, December 22, 2011.
Antonio Galloni, Vinous Media, vinous.com Dec. 2018
VHR, Vine Hill Ranch
These are two magnificent wines from VHR. Proprietors Bruce and Heather Phillips, along with their team led by winemaker Françoise Peschon and vineyard manager Mike Wolf, are making some of the most compelling wines in Napa Valley. The 2016 is a majestic, regal wine that captures the essence of this great Napa Valley vintage. I was perhaps even more impressed with the 2017, which is one of my favorite wines of the vintage so far. As it turns out, I happened to visit the Vine Hill Ranch on the last day of harvest for the estate wine, September 23 (some clients picked later), and tasted the separate lots in fermentation then this past spring and fall. The 2017 here has never been anything less than showy in the very best sense of the word. These days, VHR is at the top of the pack in Napa Valley. And, I have written here before, the wines VHR makes but that do not make it into their final blend, are better than those wines other properties do bottle!
David Rosengarten, Forbes, forbes.com April 9, 2018
Vine Hill Ranch: The Quiet Superstar Has Been Steadily Producing Napa’s Finest Grapes for Decades
In the fame-drenched Napa Valley, there is a tremendously important vineyard, growing Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, that is not famous at all. When you read the history of this vineyard, in the dramatic decades of the 60s, the 70s, the 80s, the 90s, right up to the modern day—what you find is a record of the most important changes that shook Napa Valley, pushed it into its modern superstar status. The vineyard of which I sing—Vine Hill Ranch—quietly, surreptitiously, played one of the most central roles of all in the rise of California’s most iconic wine region.
Pick a “famous” Napa wine from the 20th century. Let’s say the historic 1968 Beaulieu Vineyard Georges de Latour Private Reserve. A classic—made by the classic winemaker of the day, Russian-born André Tchelistcheff. What grapes did he choose to crush into this wine? Many of them were from Vine Hill Ranch, which sits in a beautiful southwestern corner of Oakville, rolling up over gentle hills into the east side of the Napa/Sonoma border (the Mayacamas Mountains). The elegant, almost European ’68 BV Georges de Latour made the kind of waves in the wine world that puts a wine region on the map….though it was not an era of “vineyard identification”…so it did nothing for the fame of the vineyard that grew the grapes.
Another historic wine from the 20th century? How about its opposite, in a way: the much richer, much chunkier 1997 Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve, Robert Mondavi…grown almost 30 years after the ’68 BV Georges de Latour? You guessed it: same vineyard source, Vine Hill Ranch. BUT…a very, very different wine.
In fact, from the 1950s, when Vine Hill Ranch was established…Napa Valley Cabernet has been on a roller-coaster, style-wise. Vine Hill Ranch has seen it all. Its flavorful fruit has been used by many Napa winemakers for many decades to craft wines that were “of the times”—elegant sometimes, but at other times more forward and boisterous. Following the history of wines made from Vine Hill fruit is a way of following the history of Napa: Cakebread, Chappellet, Etude, Duckhorn, Lail, Bond, Araujo, and, right up to today, the great group at Favia Erickson Winemakers (Andy Erickson was the famous winemaker who fermented Screaming Eagle into mind-blurring fame).
Most happily, once and for all, I hope…. Vine Hill Ranch, in 2008, decided to start using some of its own grapes to make its own wines, wines identifying “Vine Hill Ranch” on the label as the producer. And the establishment of the brand came right in the middle of one of Napa’s greatest stylistic eras (which is still going on): the era of the Modern Napa Wine, which is much less weighty, much more ethereal than the Napa wines of the 1980s-1990s. A perfect vineyard source (Vine Hill Ranch), found a perfect winemaker in 2008 (Francoise Peschon), to make elegant wines, through this day, that are the best possible expressions of Vine Hill fruit.
Intriguingly, almost ten years later, they are still not so well-known.
The contemporary Vine Hill wines are like a memoir of another era. Back in 1956, when an architect from Point Reyes, California, named Bruce Kelham, decided to buy a large vineyard in Napa Valley, and to move north to Napa, and to become a grape-grower…Napa Cabernet had an almost Old World aesthetic going on. The wines were gentler, lower in alcohol, somewhat like the European reds that were their historical grandparents. Tchelistcheff’s ’68 BV Georges de Latour was such a wine.
But then…May 1976 happened. In Paris!
Some of California’s best Cabernet producers…in most cases, producers of rich wines…were asked to compete in Paris, in a blind tasting that set up French Cabernets (from Bordeaux, of course), and California Cabernets, for a duel. The judges were French. Staggeringly, the Californians came out with a first-place victory for the 1973 Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon (from Napa Valley), as well as big honors for other 1970s Napa Cabs from Heitz, Clos du Val, and Chateau Montelena. You can only imagine the shock throughout the world–and the frenzy in California
Until the 1976 victory, the traditional, more restrained style was in full force in Napa. According to Dan Berger, wine columnist at the time for the L.A. Times, Cabernet-making was relatively buckled up before the Paris victory: “no excessive ripening (22 to 24 Brix was the standard), no excess alcohol (13.5% was considered too high), almost no new wood.”
But “the judgment of Paris” had its effect. The heads of California winemakers swelled, as did their wines. “If the richer, chunkier style of California Cabernet beat out the more elegant first-growth Bordeaux,” they wondered…..“shouldn’t we go richer still?”
And they did. And they came in droves to do it, emboldened by California’s great international victory. “The consumer,” Berger says, “was inundated in the 1980s by brand after brand of new Napa and Sonoma Cabernets.” Soon-to-be classics like the Shafer Hillside Select were inaugurated (first vintage: 1983), as well as lots of smaller-scale wines and wineries. And the use of new oak was rampant; sarcastic tasters at the time spoke of pulling splinters out of their palates.
Well, this was fine and dandy for Vine Hill Ranch; if the pickers harvested their grapes later in the season, the grapes provided superb material for this over-the-top kind of Napa Cabernet.
And the wines got bigger still before the pendulum started swinging back twenty years later. A famous writer contributed a lot to the fattening up. The consumer was overwhelmed by all this up-sizing activity—and needed a lodestar, a voice, to help select these new California Cabernets. Wine writer Robert Parker emerged—who put the final kibosh on the elegant California Cabernet tradition; Parker had a predilection for big, densely fruity, heavily extracted wines, with lots of tannin, alcohol and new oak. “We had in California,” Berger recalls, “the first indications that high scores could sell wines. And because high scores went to fat wines, that changed everything.”
The spectacular 1990 vintage itself sealed the deal. Pushed by this warm year, and by the growing knowledge that making wine that’s bigger and bigger predictably leads to higher and higher scores, a new type of California Cabernet emerged: the expensive bottle (wineries were flirting with $100 per at this point, soon to rise), containing sweet-ish, ripe, concentrated wine, whose price was ostensibly justified by the 97, 98, 99-point scores the wines were receiving.
Throughout the 1990s, the push was towards Cabernets like these. “What became the norm,” Berger says, “were wines not for the dinner table, not for the cellar (because alcohol and pH were too high for aging)…..but ‘walking-around wines,’ show-off wines, trophy wines.” This is the era in which the California cult wines became all the rage: Harlan, Screaming Eagle, Bryant Family Vineyard, Staglin, anything made by Helen or Larry Turley, with prices for a single young bottle rising absurdly close to $1000. “These were egocentric wines,” notes Bob Millman of Executive Wine Seminars, a prestigious tasting group in New York City, “centered around the egos of the proprietors, or the flying consultants flown in from across the globe to assist them.” The wines, according to Steve Tanzer, of the top wine publication Vinous, became “urban indoor sporting events.”
As if this weren’t enough basis for change, the ’80s had brought another startling development: the discovery of phylloxera in northern California’s vineyards, the same root louse that had nearly wiped out the vineyards of Europe in the late 19th century. This horrific plague threatened the end of Napa Valley wine. Yes, Napa Valley was riding the Cabernet rocket–but the rocket was about to explode if something wasn’t done about the vineyards.
Having no choice, many wineries pulled out their old, phylloxera-susceptible vines—as they did, in a major way, at Vine Hill Ranch—and planted new rootstock that was much more resistant to the disease. The changes wrought by this were unexpected–and enormous. The new vines produced massive amounts of sugar easily; it soon became apparent that you could have much more concentrated wine than ever before, with higher alcohol and a greater impression of sweetness. A lot of the newly re-planted vines came with new trellising systems…..bringing even more sunshine and ripening to the grapes. Plus….modern yeast strains that came into vogue at this time were better at converting sugar to alcohol.
“Intriguingly,” says Bruce Phillips, grandson of Bruce Kelham, and current co-owner of Vine Hill Ranch—“another trend was taking hold at the time of the post-phylloxera re-planting: the identification of vineyards on the labels.” Robert Mondavi, a long-time buyer of Vine Hill Ranch grapes, started identifying his wine made from Vine Hill grapes as Robert Mondavi Winery Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon.” Before the phylloxera epidemic, Phillips pointed out, “almost all vineyards were planted in a way to maximize volume. But at this time—the re-planting of quality producers started to emphasize individual plots.” This was an important new phenomenon in California that lasts to this day—mirroring the age-old practice of wine in, say, Burgundy, where the most prominent thing on the most expensive labels has always been the name of the vineyard, not the producer. Vineyard-identification in Napa accompanied the rise of richer, more expensive wines.
So where can you go from there? Nowhere. 16% alcohol? No way. There WAS no way for these pumped-up, expensive, vineyard-identified wines to get any bigger in style.
So….they didn’t. Starting in the mid-2000s, after taking much international ribbing about “monster” wines…and just about at the time that Vine Hill Ranch was starting to make its own wine, in an elegant style…Napa Cabernet went on a diet.
“While heightened alcohols and fruit concentrations dominated the wines of the late 90’s and early part of this century,” says Bruce Phillips, “Napa inevitably moved towards grapes being harvested at balanced maturity…resulting in wines that are uniquely expressive of their individual vineyard sites and the subtle nuances informed by each individual growing season.”
Phillips made a great contribution to this trend. When a guy whose family has been growing grapes for fifty years starts making wine himself, people notice. Neighbors notice the kind of wine he’s making. And right from the VHR get-go, in 2008, Francoise Peschon has been making Napa wine in a decidedly French direction.
Easy question: where is Vine Hill Ranch wine going from here? To ever-greater quality, I suspect. Peschon, is still in place, at the height of her skills. Many of the blocks of Vine Hill Ranch that are used for the winery’s own wine are getting older—a good thing, in viticulture! And a very good thing, in this case! I had the opportunity recently to taste through barrel samples of the most recent vintage, the 2017. There were six samples, each from a different block of the 70-acre vineyard; each of the blocks had had its own planting date. Intriguingly, my two favorite barrel samples were from the two youngest blocks! One of these blocks was five years old, and one was six years old. They seemed much brighter, even deeper, than the blocks averaging around 20 years of age.
This doesn’t necessarily mean that the younger vines are better vines; Peschon uses different barrel treatment for wines from blocks with different ages—typically choosing more new oak, and longer stays in oak, for wines from older blocks. But the careful tracking that she does—and constant experimenting—will inevitably lead to adjustments that improve the quality of the wine. When I asked her about her criteria in choosing barrels, she said “we look for barrels that enhance the quality of our vineyard, rather than make a statement.” Brava! Exactly what a winemaker in Napa Valley in 2000 might not have said!
I also had the chance to taste a range of recent vintages already in bottle. Brava again! I especially liked two: the 2010, a luscious wine, with pretty eucalyptus notes, and very little wood influence; and the 2015, a wine that’s becoming available in retail, elegant, with good acid, and with touches of vanilla and camphor in the very pretty nose. Complex, high-quality wines, the both of them.
These wines are not inexpensive, of course…like so many wines before them that came out of this very special vineyard. The 2015 has just appeared in California wine shops at around $200 a bottle. But if you compare that to other first-rate, better-known Napa Cabs—at Wally’s Wine and Spirits in Los Angeles, you can find yourself a nice 2015 Screaming Eagle for only $2500—I’d say $200 is quite a bargain.
Grapes in the same family since 1956, wines from the same winemaker since 2008—both of these things encourage me to break the piggy bank (it’s only a fracture, really!) for this enormously consistent wine from Vine Hill Ranch.
Kelli A. White, Napa Valley Then & Now (excerpt) 2015
Since its inception, the wine [VHR, Vine Hill Ranch] has ranked among Napa’s top performers. Its limited 500-case production fosters its status as a well-kept secret, though competition for the bottles is increasingly fierce…
Antonio Galloni, Vinous Media, vinous.com May, 2014
2013 Napa Valley: A First Look…
It’s hard to believe just how far Bruce and Heather Phillips have come in just a few years. Of course, the Phillips family has been supplying grapes to some of the Napa Valleys top wineries for decades, but that is not the same as making wine. Ever since their debut vintage 2008, the Phillipses have quietly but surely staked out a place for themselves among the top producers in Napa Valley. Vineyard guru Mike Wolf and Winemaker Françoise Peschon bring an extraordinary level of passion to Vine Hill Ranch that is evident in every detail.
Vine Hill Ranch currently produces just one wine, which is a blend of six separate blocks on the property. The 2013 harvest was a full three weeks ahead of 2012. Peschon opted to leave the wines on their lees as long as possible. The 2013s were racked in March, right after the malos finished. The five blocks of Cabernet Sauvignon in this tasting are all vivid and remarkably different. Block 6L, the single largest component, is drop-dead gorgeous. Petit Verdot has yet to be used in a final blend at Vine Hill Ranch, but the 2013 is beyond beautiful. The 2012, tasted just prior to bottling, could turn out to be one of the wines of the vintage. I also had a chance to re-visit the 2010 and 2011 from bottle. Both wines confirm their place among the best wines of their respective years. Readers who haven’t tasted Vine Hill Ranch owe it to themselves to do so. This is without question one of the most exciting properties in Napa Valley today.
Karen Ulrich, T. Edward New York Wine Blog Dec. 13, 2012
VHR and the Art of Orchestrating the Seven Block Toolbox
Bruce Phillips on building the character of the vineyard: “Each generation in my family has had the opportunity to rule one block,” said Bruce of Block 3, “and this one is mine.” Planted in 2000, Block 3 is nearing maturity and just now coming into its own. “Over periods of time, blocks will come into time and decline [before the need for rejuvenation]…It takes time for a block to fall into character.” And while a block that is still in its adolescence has the potential to “wow you”, it can also be unpredictable, he added.
Releasing their second vintage – VHR 2009 – just this year, the Phillips family of Napa Valley has a history of vines that extends far beyond this time. With 70 acres planted to Cabernet Sauvignon, the family is a long time supplier of fruit to some of the most prominent winemakers in Napa. In our last post about VHR, we discussed the inaugural vintage at VHR, crafted at the hands of Francoise Peschon. When we most recently spoke with Bruce, the third generation behind the farm, he was happy to discuss the differences between the estate’s seven blocks, and their varying stages of development.
With the average life of a vineyard spanning 25-30 years, there comes a time when the vines must be uprooted and replanted. And because Napa Valley was forced to deal with the phylloxera infestation of the late 1980’s and 1990’s, two-thirds of its vineyards are now 20-27 years old. “Those plantings have been a driving force for putting Napa on the map,” said Bruce. “It’s really exciting, we’re moving into the next big phase in Napa. We’ll see a lot of replanting in the next 5-10 years, bringing forward new root stocks, clones, plantings and refacing of vineyards.” And, just as every bottle is a snapshot of selections from the “toolbox” or parcels at VHR, the estate itself is a picture of the best that Napa has to offer.
With seven blocks hosting a variety of Cabernet Sauvignon clones and rootstock, each limited release at VHR is an assemblage of fruit from the estate’s best vineyards. Aged nine- years-old at the time of harvest, the fruit from Block 3 was not included in the most recent vintage, which was in fact comprised of fruit from Blocks 4, 6 and 7.
Located near the Valley Floor, Blocks 2-4 are the estate’s “benchland” blocks that yield fruit that is red in character, and bright with soft and supple tannins. At 300-400 feet above sea level, these vines receive the moisture that comes downslope, which in turn informs the density of the plantings and the choice of selected clones. With 1,000-1,400 vines per acre, the “benchland” blocks can be twice as dense as those on the hillside. And while Blocks 1 and 6, which are located on the hills of the Maycamas Mountain Range, average 700-750 vines per acre, they produce grapes that bring structure to the wine with big tannins and notes of dark fruit, with nuances in between.
On the northern boundary, Block 7 is the smallest of the lots, at 5.72 acres. Located on the watershed of the Maycamas, this Block contains the highest mineral content. With roots that reach 10-15 feet deep, the soil here is rich with cobblestones, yielding fruit that is high in minerality.
As the estate’s oldest and most historic plot, Block 1 was originally planted to vines in 1873, and most recently replanted in 1990, post-phylloxera when, Bruce said, “my father brought the vineyard back.” Terraced just as the plot was back in 1873, Block 1 could have yielded another 40 years of fabulous wines, but it is currently out of commission. Now planted to a single clone and a single root stock, Block 1 is undergoing a transformation. Employing eight clones and rootstocks, VHR is redirecting the terracing from the contour of the hill that it now follows, to rows that travel up and down the hill. During the 1990’s the farming equipment was big and heavy, but now that technology has changed the rows can be more tightly spaced and in-line, which will yield better and more consistent fruit quality with optimal exposure. And while the Block is now lying fallow, the stakes and rootstocks will be in place next summer, and the grafts will be added the following spring in 2014.
“In designing a vineyard,” said Bruce, “you design for a moment in time, July to early August”, when the fruit starts to ripen. In a densely planted “benchland” block, VHR employs a variety of rootstocks and clones, with different canopy management. “If you do it right,” he added, “you arrive at veraison at the same time.”
Like the rest of Napa Valley, VHR will be looking to stagger their replantings over the next five to eight years, in a carefully orchestrated effort to maintain their song. “It will take a lot out of production, Napa Valley wide,” said Bruce. Yet one can be assured that just as the Phillips family ensures that each block of vines reaches veraison at the same time, they are also carefully conducting their seven blocks like members of a Big Band that never misses a vintage, note or beat.
Richard Nalley, ForbesLife Nov. 2012
Collector’s Confidential: Napa’s Hot Five
The Next Wave of Napa Cult Wines
The Stevens touted this place as “the hottest property in Napa Valley,” mostly because the Phillips family makes subtle, brilliant Cabernet—it speaks to the sophistication level of the buyers who appreciate their remarkable ($150) wines—but partly because the backstory is captivatingly unusual for a Napa cult wine. The Philips didn’t arrive in Oakville flush from some otherworld glamour occupation. They came from…right here on this property!
They’ve been farming it themselves—grandfather to father to son—for 50 years. It was just that up until now they’d been selling off the fruit to tony brands like Bond, Etude and Lail. The family made the decision to cherry pick about 5% from diverse sections of the vineyard and put the grapes under the care of A-List winemaker Francoise Peschon. Shrewd move: The refinement and sense of proportion in these reds should shame the last anti-California wine snob into extinction.
Antonio Galloni, The Wine Advocate May 24, 2012
Napa Valley: A First Look
Proprietor Bruce Phillips and winemaker Françoise Peschon showed me samples from the four Cabernet Sauvignon blocks that will be used for the 2011. Quite simply, I was blown away by the purity of the wines. In 2011 the Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon will include a small percentage of Petit Verdot (that was grafted onto Merlot rootstock) for the first time. The sample I tasted was harmonious and complete.
It will be interesting to see what Petit Verdot brings to the wine. I also tasted the 2008 and 2009 from bottle. The 2008 is just starting to soften and show hints of complexity in its aromas and flavors, but the 2009 is an undeniably sexier wine. The 2009 needs another year or two to truly shine, but today it is living up to all the praise I bestowed upon it in our December issue. The 2010 combines elements of both the 2008 and 2009. It is yet another drop-dead gorgeous wine from Vine Hill Ranch.
The PlumpJack Blog Nov. 21, 2011
Paul’s Pick: Vine Hill Ranch Estate Cabernet Sauvignon
Over the years I have been fortunate to taste many, many California Cabernets, and there have been many that are truly excellent, but it is rare (like not in the last 12 years) that one crosses my path where the only way I can describe it is ‘extraordinary’!
Vine Hill Ranch has just released its first ever estate Cabernet Sauvignon. The property is located in the southern corner of the Oakville appellation. Bob and Alex Phillips began cultivating fine winegrapes here in 1959 and with the founding of Phillips Family Farming. Vine Hill Ranch continues to produce exceptional fruit for a collection of premier Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon vintners. Their vineyard is divided into 7 blocks, and each is picked, vinified, and aged separately. The blocks are then selected and blended for the finished wine. The label indicates which blocks were used and gives their date of harvest, as well as other technical information. Only 300 cases were produced.
Extraordinary wines usually come with a hefty price, and this wine is no exception ($150 a bottle), but I compare the wine to other Napa Cabernets that sell for 2 to 3 times the price, and I like this one more! This is a world-class Napa Cabernet that is delicious now, but should be put in the cellar next to the great Bordeaux. If you are looking for that “extraordinary” gift this year, don’t overlook the 2008 Vine Hill Ranch Cabernet Sauvignon. Needless to say, supply is very limited!
Karen Ulrich, T. Edward New York Wine Blog Sept. 21, 2011
VHR–2008 Cabernet Sauvignon, The Inaugural Vintage
On Friday morning, Bruce Phillips and Francoise Peschon, of VHR, or Vine Hill Ranch, in Oakville, Napa Valley, came by Studio TEW for a visit. Here to debut their inaugural vintage–the VHR Cabernet Sauvignon 2008–Bruce discussed the inspiration for the wine, along with the history and transformation of his family’s vineyards.
In the family for three generations, VHR has been farmed by Napa Valley growers since 1884. Originally planted with plums, pears, grapes, and walnuts, VHR turned vineyard when purchased by Bruce Kelham, Phillips’ maternal grandfather, in 1959. With 70 acres of Cabernet Sauvignon that run alongside the wooded hills of the Mayacamas Mountain Range, VHR consists of seven blocks, each with a unique terroir.
Initially following in his father’s (Bob Phillips) footsteps, Bruce sourced grapes to local vintners, who partnered with him in the field. In 1998, Michael Wolf joined the team as vineyard manager and in 2000, they started to explore the “winemaker’s toolbox”– one acre plots within the seven lots that could potentially be vinified separately and blended.
In 2004, says Bruce, “Mike Wolf and I had lunch with my father…” who was happy to be a grower. “…He said, ‘Why don’t you try to figure out how to do this?’” And with that, they got his father’s permission to vinify the grapes that they had been growing.
Joined in 2008 by Francoise Peschon, who’d studied at UC Davis, spent time in Bordeaux apprenticing at Chateau Haut-Brion, and served for 15 years as the winemaker at Arajuo Estate, VHR took a calculated gamble, deciding to make their first vintage in the economically tumultuous 2008. “2008 was a winemaker’s year,” says Bruce, “with small berries and a tight crop.”
To best express the attributes of each block, for the first vintage they decided to begin with four one-acre carveouts that would be fermented separately, “to weave a blend together,” says Francoise, “to make something unique…to make a wine without having to interfere too much…no filtering, no fining…it’s all about extraction and maceration…” and their use of native yeasts. And though all 70 acres support Cabernet Sauvignon, there’s diversity from within, says Francoise, through vine age and rootstock.
For the 2008 vintage, they vinified blocks 4, 6, and 7, which are listed on the label along with the harvest dates and yields. Inspired by old grower records, the labels are a tribute to the agricultural history of VHR. “The identity is tied to the old tax account documents that my father saved,” says Bruce. “He dropped on the table a dusty box, and in it were old tax records from the 1800’s. These documents are hand written…they’re beautiful…they document how many hogs and vines…the documents solidify the history before my family.”
As Bruce and Francoise spoke, we passed the bottle and tasted the wine, which is restrained, elegant, and balanced. With fresh berries on the nose, a touch of spice, and ranch animal notes that turn savory on the palate, the VHR shows beautiful acidity and mid-palate tannins that blend together beautifully with the wine’s herbaceousness. With elements of agability, the VHR is surprisingly approachable and drinking well now. With only 300 cases produced, our allotment is limited…and we certainly don’t expect that it will last.
In 2011, VHR was awarded the prestigious Napa Valley Grower of the Year Award, and we here at TEW certainly look forward to future vintages.
Doug Wilder, Purely Domestic Wine Report June, 2011
If you had asked me in January to tell you what I knew about Vine Hill Ranch, it would have been a fairly short answer: They are an established grower in Oakville who sells Cabernet Sauvignon grapes to Etude and Cakebread who produce vineyard designated wines from the property. That’s about it. I couldn’t tell you exactly where it was, how big or who owned it. However, I certainly could tell you about the wine in the bottle.
For the most part, unless a grower also produces a wine from property they own it is fairly certain that the average wine consumer, or for that matter a wine writer would not have much reason to make a connection with them, at least directly. We would usually only experience what they do through the efforts of winemakers if the label includes vineyard designations such as Alder Springs, Monte Rosso, Larner, Stagecoach, Georges III, Martha’s, To-Kalon, Hyde, Hudson, Shea, Cohn, or Vine Hill Ranch. Generally the way we consider winemakers is the same way winemakers consider growers – The top names are who we want to work with, or in other words follow the winemaker and they take you to the dirt.
In February, I attended the Napa Valley Vintners Premiere Napa Valley, the winter barrel auction. It is to wine as Cannes is to film; everyone in town is either a distributor, broker, retailer, restauranteur, sommelier or writer. Over the past couple years an unofficial trade-only tasting happens the day before in the caves of a winery on Silverado Trail put on by broker, Kimberly Jones whose portfolio of wines is more like a gallery of carefully curated works. If you knew nothing about wine walking in you would leave three hours later having been exposed to wall to wall excellence. Because I expect nothing but the best when I attend, the event is always a pleasure and even more so when I meet a new producer.
People in the wine business are a collegial bunch, and we trade tips freely on what to try. Generally I pay attention when somebody tells me ‘you NEED to taste this or that!’ So after I heard several comments about newcomer, Vine Hill Ranch, I made my way to the table which happened to be mobbed by at least a dozen people. Two people were behind the table, I recognized one of them and only then did I understand what the fuss was about – It was the winemaker, Francoise Peschon who has only been associated with the best as long as I have known her; Araujo, where she started in 1993, and Drinkward-Peschon, her own project that was an overnight success, literally, during my time at Dean & Deluca. Instantly, I felt about 70% of what i needed to know was standing in front of me. If I follow her, I will know the rest. The man with her was Bruce Phillips, proprietor of Vine Hill Ranch. He was patiently answering questions posed by a man who to the rest of seemed to be conducting an impromptu interview. Francoise saw me and was able to get a quick pour in my glass and after a few minutes introduced me to Bruce for no more than just a quick handshake.
I got a chance to visit a little longer with both at the Oakville Grower’s Tasting in April. Both tasting opportunities so far indicated very high quality in the bottle. The more I learned about the project on paper convinced me that it needed to be on the short list of places I personally visit before the launch of purely domestic wine report. After a little planning around calendars, the three of us finally got together for a visit yesterday. Francoise suggested that I ‘bring my boots’ since a trip to a vineyard for the first time is more about understanding the different blocks before tasting the wine, which in the case of Vine Hill Ranch is their premiere release of 300 cases. I should point out they do not have a tasting room, nor are they open to the public.
We set out from the farmhouse on foot to transit the entire seven blocks of vines comprising seventy acres whose production, with the exception of a sliver of each retained by the grower, is contracted out to other wineries. Bruce’s family acquired the property in 1959 (through his grandfather) with the focus being toward grape-growing. The history of the property is documented in archival preserved pages of county farm records from as far back as 1884 and that link to to farming heritage is intrinsic in the message of the new winery— “Land is at the heart of the story”. Boundried by neighbors, Dominus Estate to the southeast and Harlan to the northwest, the western perimeter is forested slopes of the Mayacamas range. The well drained soils and eastern exposure along with a flexible, three wire canopy management system make this a textbook place to grow cabernet sauvignon. After completing the walk we returned to the farmhouse where Bruce shared the inspiration of the label and packaging with me. I look at a lot of labels and realize more than most that in most instances, the story is very short and the collateral material is fairly simple. In this case (literally) you get a sense of the history of the place—a cedar wood box with what looks to be brass nails affixing the lid hold three bottles of VHR, tissue-wrapped with a print of the 1884 farm record. What is very different and reminds of how things were done by hand in another era is the label (shown left) is designed like a farm tax ledger. It contains seven columns representing the distinctive blocks that are available and every year the label will display ‘hole punches’ indicating the blocks used along with the vine count, harvest dates and acreage.
To me there is a tremendous amount of appeal to the packaging, so carefully conceived and executed with a design and quality of finish that I imagine were consistent with 1884, and maybe even 1959.
The success of the premiere release is a given however there are no plans to dramatically increase production from the estate. “We have always been about growing fruit for others”, said Phillips, “we intend that to continue for generations”.
JamesSuckling.com June, 2011
James Suckling meets with Bruce Phillips and Michael Wolf about VHR’s 2008 vintage.
Gary’s Wine & Marketplace Feb. 23, 2011
Gary Fisch talks with Bruce Phillips about the inaugural release of VHR